Прасемитско-английский словарь на Q

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Семитские словари - Прасемитский. Древние: Аккадский | Арамейский | Древнееврейский | Финикийский | Угаритский. Современные: Арабский | Ассирийский | Иврит | Эфиопский
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Представлен реконструированный прасемитский корнеслов на Q (глубокое задненёбное K, финик. qoph, араб. , условно къ) с английским описанием (см. англо-русский словарь).

Также смотрите корни в лексиконах семитских языков-потомков:


*qcd.
Central Semitic, to bend, sit. Dhu'l-Qa'dah, from Arabic l-qacda, the one of the sitting (perhaps referring to staying at home instead of going to war, since this is the first of the months in which fighting is forbidden), from qacda, sitting, from qacada, to sit.
*qbl.
Common Semitic noun *qabl-, front, whence West Semitic denominative verb qbl, to receive.
1. cabal, kabbalah, from Hebrew qabb lâ, received doctrine, tradition, from qibb l, to receive.
2a. gabelle, from Arabic qab la, tax, tribute; b. Kabyle, from Arabic qab ilu, plural of qab la, tribe. Both a and b from Arabic qabila, to receive.
3. kiblah, from Arabic qibla, the direction of the Kaaba, toward which Moslems face when praying, akin to qabila, to receive (compare the probably denominative derived stem q bala, to face).
*qb .
West Semitic, to collect, gather. kibbutz, from Hebrew qibbû , gathering, from qibb , to gather, derived stem of q ba , to gather.
*qbw.
Also qww. West Semitic, to collect. mikvah, from Hebrew miqwâ, reservoir, or miqwe, collection (especially of water), immersion pool, both from q wâ, to collect, perhaps akin to Aramaic (Syriac) qb , to collect (of liquids), Ethiopic qabawa, to be distended (of the stomach).
*qdm.
Common Semitic noun *qadm-, front, east, earlier time, with denominative verb, to precede, be in front. cadmium, Cadmus, from Greek Kadmos, from Phoenician *qadm, front, east.
*qd .
To be(come) holy, sacred.
1. Kiddush, from Mishnaic Hebrew qiddû , sanctification, purification, from Hebrew qidd , to consecrate, sanctify, derived stem of q da , to be(come) holy, sacred.
2. Kaddish, from Aramaic qaddi , holy, sacred, from q da , to be(come) holy, sacred (so called after the first words of the prayer: yitgaddal w -yitqadda meh rabb , may His (God's) great name be exalted and kept holy).
*qhr.
Arabic root, to conquer, vanquish. Cairo, from Arabic al-q hira, the conquering one, feminine active participle of qahara, to conquer, vanquish.
*qhw.
Also khw. Central Semitic, to be(come) weak, dim, dull, dark. café, cafeteria, caffeine, coffee, ultimately from Arabic qahwa, coffee, wine (originally perhaps “dark stuff”), akin to Arabic kahiya, to be(come) weak, Aramaic k h , q h , Hebrew k hâ, q hâ, to be(come) dim, faint, dull.
*qly.
To burn, roast. alkali; hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, from Arabic (al-)qily, the ashes, lye, potash, from qal , to fry, roast.
*qm .
Central Semitic, to enclose. camisado, camisole, chemise, chemisette, from Late Greek kamision, probably from a Semitic source akin to Ugaritic qm , a garment, Arabic qam , shirt, both akin to Hebrew q ma , to enclose with the hand, grasp.
2. camise, from Arabic qam , shirt.
*qnw.
Common Semitic noun *qanaw-, reed.
1. canasta, cane, canistel, canister, canna, cannelloni, cannelure, cannoli, cannon, cannula, canyon; cannellini bean, from Greek kanna, reed, from a Semitic source akin to Akkadian qanû, Aramaic qany , Hebrew q ne, all meaning “reed.” 2. canon, from Greek kan n, bar, from the same Semitic source as Greek kanna above or a related one.
*qpl.
West Semitic, to close, enclose. coffle, from Arabic q fila, caravan, feminine active participle of qafala, to close, also a denominative verb, to return.
*qr.
Also qry. West Semitic *qry, to meet; noun *qart-, *qary(at)-, *qiryat-, village, town (*-(a)t-, feminine suffix). Carthage, from Latin Carth g , from Phoenician (Punic) *qart- ada t, new town, from *qart, town (* ada t, new; see d ).
*qr .
To call (out), read, summon. Koran; Alcoran, from Arabic (al-)qur n, (the) reading, Koran, from qara a, to read, recite.
*qrb.
To be(come) near, draw near.
1a. corban, from Hebrew qorb n, offering, from hiqrîb, to bring near, present, offer; b. kiruv, from Mishnaic Hebrew qîrûb, bringing near, rapprochement, from Hebrew q r b, to bring near. Both a and b derived stems of q rab, to approach.
2. carboy, from Arabic qarr ba, big jug, from qarraba, to bring near, derived stem of qaruba, to be(come) near.
*qrm.
West Semitic, to gnaw, glean. macramé, from Arabic miqrama, bedcover, thin curtain, veil, from qarama, to gnaw, nibble.
*qry,
see qr.
*qsm.
West Semitic, to divide, distribute, assign, ordain, practice divination; noun *qasm-, *qism-, divination. kismet, from Arabic qisma, portion, lot, destiny, fate, from qasama, to divide, distribute, assign, foreordain.
*q b.
To cut, cut off. Casbah, from Arabic dialectal qa ba, citadel, fortified area of cities in northwest Africa, from qa aba, to cut up.
*q y.
West Semitic, to judge, decree, rule. alcalde, from Arabic al-q , the decisive one, judge, active participle of qa , to settle, decree, judge.
*q n.
To be(come) thin, fine, small. cotton, from Arabic qu n, qu un, cotton, perhaps akin to Akkadian qat nu, to be(come) thin, fine (of textiles), or perhaps borrowed from an unknown source.
*qwd.
West Semitic, to lead. alcaide, from Spanish, from Arabic al-q id, the leader, active participle of q da, to lead
*qww,
see qbw.

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