Прасемитско-английский словарь на Hh

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Семитские словари - Прасемитский. Древние: Аккадский | Арамейский | Древнееврейский | Финикийский | Угаритский. Современные: Арабский | Ассирийский | Иврит | Эфиопский
Прасемитско-английский: ‘ (ɂ) | (ˤ) | B | D | | G | Ġ | H | | | K | L | M | N | P | Q | R | S | Ś | Š | | S` | T | | | TṮ | W | Y | Z

Представлен реконструированный прасемитский корнеслов на H. (финик. heth, араб. , условно h^, hh, хъ) с английским описанием (см. англо-русский словарь).

Также смотрите корни в лексиконах семитских языков-потомков:


H^ (хъ)

*d .
To be(come) new.
1. Carthage, from Phoenician (Punic) *qart- ada t, new town, from * ada t, feminine singular of * ada , new (*qart, town; see qr).
2. hadith, from Arabic ad , news, report, tradition, from adda a, to report, derived stem of ada a, to be new.
3. Addis Ababa, from Amharic addis abäba, new flower, from addis, new, akin to addäsä (< * adda a), to renew (abäba, flower; see bb).
* r.
Central Semitic, to go around, encompass. mahzor, from Mishnaic Hebrew ma zôr, cycle, mahzor, from zar, to go around, return, repeat.
*gb.
Central Semitic, to cover, conceal. hijab, from Arabic ij b, curtain, veil, from ajaba, to veil, cover.
*gg.
Central Semitic, to make a pilgrimage.
1. Haggai, from Hebrew aggay, perhaps “born on a feast day,” from ag, pilgrimage-feast, from gag, to make a pilgrimage, keep a pilgrimage-feast.
2a. Dhu'l-Hijjah, from Arabic l- ijja, the one of the pilgrimage; b. haj, from Arabic ajj, pilgrimage. Both a and b from Arabic ajja, to make a pilgrimage; c. haji, from Arabic jj, pilgrim, active participle of ajja (see above).
*km.
Central Semitic, to be(come) wise, understand, judge. a. hakim1, from Arabic ak m, wise (man), sage, doctor, from akama, to judge, decide, govern; b. hakim2, from Arabic kim, ruling, ruler, governor, active participle of akama (see above).
*lb.
Common Semitic noun * alab-, milk.
1. galbanum, from Greek khalban , of Northwest Semitic origin (compare Hebrew elb nâ, Aramaic elb nit , galbanum, from * alab, milk).
2. mahaleb, from Arabic ma lab, mahaleb, from alaba, to milk.
*ll.
To be(come) clean, pure, holy.
1. Elul, from Hebrew lûl, a month name, from Akkadian el lu, el nu, name of a festival and of a month corresponding to parts of August and September, perhaps from el lu (< * al lum), to be(come) clean, pure, holy.
2. halal, from Arabic al l, legally permissible, from alla, to undo, free, be permissible.
*lw.
To be(come) sweet, pleasant, agreeable, merry. halva, from Arabic alw , confection, from aluwa, to be(come) sweet, pleasant.
*md.
Central Semitic, to desire, delight in, praise. Muhammad, from Arabic mu ammad, praised, commendable, passive participle of ammada, to praise highly, derived stem of amida, to praise, extol.
*ml.
Arabic root, to carry. hamal, from Arabic amm l, porter, from amala, to carry.
*mr.
Common Semitic noun * im r-, donkey. homer2, from Hebrew mer, heap, a unit of capacity (perhaps originally the burden carried by a donkey; akin to môr, donkey).
*nk.
West Semitic, to (make) understand, train. Hanukkah, from Hebrew nukkâ, dedication, from nak, to train, dedicate.
*nn.
To be(come) gracious.
1. Ann, Hannah, from Hebrew annâ, grace, from nan, to be(come) gracious.
2. John, ultimately from Hebrew yô n n, Yahweh has been gracious, from n n, lengthened form of nan, he has been gracious (yô, Yahweh; see hwy).
3. Hannibal, from Phoenician (Punic) * ann -bacl, my grace (is) Baal, from * ann , my grace, from * ann, grace (*bacl, lord, Baal; see bcl).
*p .
Central Semitic, to be mindful of, preserve. hafiz, from Arabic fi , guardian, one who has memorized the Koran, active participle of afi a, to preserve, be mindful of, learn, memorize.
*qq.
West Semitic, to cut into, level, make correct, decree. hookah, from Arabic uqqa, small box, pot, or jar, from aqqa, to be true, suitable, fitting.
*rb.
Central Semitic, to wage war, attack, smite.
1. mihrab, from Arabic mi r b, recess, prayer niche, probably from Old South Arabian (Sabaean) m rb, part of a temple, from rb, to fight, to perform a certain ritual in a temple.
2. Central Semitic noun * arb-, dagger, sword, war. mojarra, from Arabic mu arrab, sharpened, from arraba, to sharpen, denominative from arba, lance, spear.
*rm.
To ban, prohibit. a. harmattan, possibly from Arabic ar m, evil thing; b. Marrano, probably from Arabic ma ram, something forbidden; c. harem, from Arabic ar m, sanctuary, inviolable place, harem. a–c all from Arabic arama, to exclude, deny, prohibit; d. ihram, from Arabic i r m, state of ritual purity of pilgrims to Mecca, infinitive of a rama, to enter ihram, derived stem of arama (see above); e. Muharram, from Arabic mu arram, forbidden, passive participle of arrama, to declare sacred or unlawful, forbid, derived stem of arama (see above).
*r ,
see r .
*sd.
Central Semitic, to be kind, ashamed. Hasid, from Hebrew sîd, pious, from sad, to be kind.
* .
Arabic root, to mow. a. hashish, from Arabic a , herbs, hemp, cannabis, hashish, from a a, to mow; b. assassin, from Arabic a n, plural of a , hashish user, from a (see above).
* l.
Arabic root, to occur, obtain, attain, receive. tahsildar, from Arabic ta l, collection, revenue, infinitive of a ala, to acquire, collect, derived stem of a ala, to occur, obtain, attain, receive.
* p.
Central Semitic, to be insolent. chutzpah, from Mishnaic Hebrew u pâ, insolence, from ap, to be insolent.
* .
To cut, divide, diminish. mechitza, from Mishnaic Hebrew m i â, partition, from Hebrew a , to divide.
*wk.
Arabic root, to weave. haik, from Moroccan Arabic ik, an outer garment, from classical Arabic, weaver, active participle of ka, to weave.
*wr.
Central Semitic, to be(come) white. houri, from Arabic r ya, nymph, houri, from r, plural (also used as singular) of a war, feminine awr , characterized by the quality awar, intense whiteness of the sclera of the eye in contrast to deep blackness of the iris (compare awira, to have this quality).
*yw.
To live. Common Semitic adjective * ayy-, alive, living.
1. Eve, from Late Latin va, from Hebrew awwâ, living, life, from yâ, to live.
2. Ea, from Akkadian Ea, from Old Akkadian * ayy-, living.
*zq.
To be(come) strong. a. Ezekiel, from Hebrew y ezq l, God strengthened, from y ezq, reduced form of y azz q, he strengthened, from izz q, to strengthen, derived stem of zaq, to be(come) strong; b. Hezekiah, from Hebrew izqîy h(û), my strength (is) Yahweh, from izqî, my strength, from zeq, strength, from zaq (see above; y h(û), Yahweh; see hwy).
*zy.
Central (Common?) Semitic, to see. chazan, from Mishnaic Hebrew and Jewish Aramaic azz n, superintendent, cantor, from Akkadian azannu, administrator, mayor, perhaps from earlier * ziy num, overseer, active participle of Proto-Akkadian verb * az yum, to see.

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