Прасемитско-английский словарь на H

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Семитские словари - Прасемитский. Древние: Аккадский | Арамейский | Древнееврейский | Финикийский | Угаритский. Современные: Арабский | Ассирийский | Иврит | Эфиопский
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Представлен реконструированный прасемитский корнеслов на H (финик. he, араб. , условно X) с английским описанием (см. англо-русский словарь).

Также смотрите корни в лексиконах семитских языков-потомков:


*hbb.
West Semitic, to move, set out, blow (of wind). haboob, from Arabic hab b, strong wind, from habba, to move, depart, rush, blow.
*hdg.
Arabic root, to shuffle along, totter. howdah, from Arabic hawdaj, litter, sedan chair, from hadaja, to shuffle along, totter.
*hdy.
West Semitic, to lead, extend. Mahdi, from Arabic mahd , rightly guided (one), Mahdi, passive participle of had , to lead.
*hgr.
Arabic root, to depart. hegira, from Arabic hijra, emigration, flight, from hajara, to depart.
*hlk.
To go. Halacha, from Hebrew h l kâ, rule, tradition, from h lak, to go.
*hll.
To shout, boast; in derived stem, to praise.
1a. alleluia, hallelujah, from Hebrew hall lû-y h, praise Yahweh, from hall lû, praise, masculine plural imperative of hill l, to praise; b. Hallel, from Hebrew hall l, song of praise, from Hebrew hill l, to praise.
2. halala, from Arabic halala, a Saudi Arabian coin, akin to hil l, crescent, from halla, to appear (of the moon).
*hmz.
Arabic root, to prick, urge on, prod. hamza, from Arabic hamza, graphic sign for the glottal stop, from hamaza, to prick, to urge on, prod.
*hnn.
Central Semitic (?), to weep, yearn. Gehenna, from Hebrew gê (ben) hinn m, valley of (the son of) Hinnom, from hinn m, a man's name (etymology uncertain; perhaps akin to Arabic hanna, to weep, yearn + nominal ending - m).
*hrr.
Northwest Semitic noun *harr-, mountain. Armageddon, from Hebrew har m giddô, mountain region of Megiddo, from har, mountain.
*hrs.
Central Semitic, to crush, break. harissa, from Arabic har sa, a dish of pounded meat and bulgur, from harasa, to pound, crush.
*h m.
Arabic root, to smash, shatter, destroy. Hashemite, from Arabic h im , Hashemite, from ha ama, to destroy, smash.
*hwy.
Also hyy. To be, become.
(I) 1. Yahweh, from Hebrew yahweh, assumed ancient pronunciation of the name of the God of Israel, perhaps meaning “he brings into existence,” causative derived stem of h wâ, h yâ, to be.
2. Jehovah, modern mispronunciation (since the 16th century a.d.) of Yahweh, in which the Hebrew consonants Y(J)-H-W(V)-H were pronounced with the vowels of the Hebrew word d n y (see d), which were added to the Hebrew consonantal text of the Bible to indicate that the latter word was to be read instead of the divine name.
(II) Various short forms of Hebrew yahweh (see I above), found mostly in personal names.
1. Jah, from Hebrew y h, short for yahweh, Yahweh, also appearing in the following personal names: a. Jedidiah, from Hebrew y dîdy h, beloved of Yahweh (see dwd); b. Matthew, from Hebrew mattayy h (< *mattan-y h), gift of Yahweh; c. Nehemiah, from Hebrew n emy h, Yahweh comforted; d. Obadiah, from Hebrew c bady h, servant of Yahweh; e. Tobit, from Hebrew ôb y h, my good (is) Yahweh; f. Uriah, from Hebrew ûrîy h, my light (is) Yahweh ( ûrî, my light; see wr); g. Zechariah, from Hebrew z kary h, Yahweh has remembered; h. Zephaniah, from Hebrew pany h, Yahweh has hidden, Yahweh has treasured.
2a. Hezekiah, from Hebrew izqîy h(û), my strength (is) Yahweh (see zq); b. Isaiah, from Hebrew y acy hû, salvation of Yahweh; c. Jeremiah, jeremiad, from Hebrew yirm y hû, Yahweh has established; d. Elijah, from Hebrew lîy hû, my God (is) Yahweh (see l). a–d all from Hebrew y hû, short form of yahweh, Yahweh.
3a. Joab, from Hebrew yô b, Yahweh (is) father (see b); b. Joel, from Hebrew yô l, Yahweh (is) God; c. John, from Hebrew yô n n, Yahweh has been gracious; d. Jonathan, from Hebrew yôn t n, Yahweh has given (see ntn). a–d all from Hebrew yô, short form of yahweh, Yahweh.
4a. Jehoshaphat, from Hebrew y hô p , Yahweh has judged ( p , he has judged; see p ); b. (i) Joshua, from y hô ûac, Yahweh (is) salvation (* ûac, salvation; see w c); (ii) Jesus, from Hebrew y ûac, shortening of y hô ûac, Joshua (see above). Both a and b from y hô, short form of yahweh, Yahweh.

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