Прасемитско-английский словарь на B

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Семитские словари - Прасемитский. Древние: Аккадский | Арамейский | Древнееврейский | Финикийский | Угаритский. Современные: Арабский | Ассирийский | Иврит | Эфиопский
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Представлен реконструированный прасемитский корнеслов на B (финик. beth) с английским описанием (см. англо-русский словарь).

Также смотрите корни в лексиконах семитских языков-потомков:


*b r.
Common Semitic noun *bi r-, well, cistern.
1. Beersheba, from Hebrew b r ebac, well of oath, from b r, well ( ebac, oath; see bc).
2. Beirut, from Arabic bayr t, from Phoenician *bi r t, plural of *bi r, well.
*bcl.
Common Semitic noun *bacl-, lord.
1a. Baal, from Hebrew bacal, lord, Baal; b. Beelzebub, from Hebrew bacal z bûb, lord (of the) fly, pejorative alteration of bacal z bûl, lord prince (name of a Philistine god; see bb and zbl).
2a. Hannibal, from Phoenician (Punic) * ann -bacl, my grace (is) Baal (see nn); b. Hasdrubal, from Phoenician (Punic) *cazr -bacl, his help (is) Baal (see c r). Both a and b from Phoenician (Punic) *bacl, lord, Baal.
3. Belshazzar, from Hebrew b l a ar, from Akkadian b l- ar-u ur, “Bel, protect the king,” from b l, absolute form of b lu, lord, Bel (Akkadian god; ar, king, and u ur, protect; see rr and n r).
*bdl.
To change, divide, separate. habdalah, from Hebrew habd lâ, separation, from hibdîl, to divide, separate.
*bdw.
West Semitic, to be(come) desolate, desert; noun *badw-, desert. Bedouin, from Arabic badaw y n, Bedouins, plural of badaw , nomadic, Bedouin, from badw, desert, nomads, Bedouins.
*b y.
To seek. baggage from Arabic ba y, prostitute, from ba , to seek, to oppress, to act corruptly, to fornicate.
*bhm.
West Semitic, to be dumb. behemoth, from Hebrew b h môt, plural of b h mâ, animal, beast.
*bhw.
Central Semitic, to be(come) empty, deserted. a. Bahaullah, from Arabic bah u ll h, splendor of God, bah u, splendor, bound form of bah , from bah , to be(come) empty, beautiful; b. Bahai, from Arabic bah , follower of Bahaullah, from bah u ll h (see above).
*b r.
Common Semitic noun *ba r-, sea, coast. Bahrain, from Arabic ba rayn, two seas, dual of ba r, sea.
*bkr.
Common Semitic *bukur-, *bikr-, *bak(u)r-, first-born. albacore, from Arabic al-bak ra, the albacore, akin to bikr, first-born, and bakr, young camel.
*bn.
Common Semitic noun *bn-, son, and feminine derivative *bint-, daughter.
(I) Common Semitic *bn-.
1a. bar mitzvah, from Aramaic bar, bound form of b r , son; b. Barabbas, from Aramaic bar- abb , son of the father (probably a nickname, or a joking name for a bastard; abb , father; see b); c. Barnabas, from Aramaic bar-n bô, son of Nabu (n bô, Nabu, Akkadian deity, from Akkadian nabû).
2a. B'nai B'rith, from Hebrew b nê, plural bound form of b n, son; b. Benjamin, from Hebrew biny mîn, son of the right hand, from bin-, frozen bound form of b n (y mîn, right hand, south; see ymn).
(II) Common Semitic *bint-.
1a. bat mitzvah, from Hebrew bat (< *batt < *bitt < *bint), daughter; b. Bathsheba, from Hebrew bat- ebac (see bc).
2. bint, from Arabic bint, daughter.
*bny.
To build, create. Assurbanipal, from Akkadian a ur-b ni-apli, Ashur (is) the creator of the heir, from b ni, bound form of participle of banû, to build (apli, heir; see pl).
*brk.
West Semitic, to bless. Probably a metathesized variant of krb.
1. Baruch, from Hebrew b rûk, blessed, passive participle of *b rak, to bless (only attested in derived stem b r k, to bless).
2. broker, from Arabic al-barka, colloquial variant of al-baraka, the blessing, divine favor, gift, from b raka, to bless. Compare krb.
*brr.
To be(come) clear, pure, white.
1. barrio, from Arabic barr , open (of land), rural, from barr, open area, akin to barra, to be kind, true, in derived stem barrara, to clear, acquit.
2. birr2, from Amharic b rr, coin, silver (< “white metal”).
*bry.
Common Semitic noun *biry-, interval, in-between area. a. B'nai B'rith, from Hebrew b rît, covenant, akin to Akkadian bir tu, in-between area, link, from biri, between; b. bris, from Ashkenazic Hebrew br s, from biblical Hebrew b rît (see above).
*b m.
Central Semitic noun *ba am-, balsam.
1. balsam, from Greek balsamon.
2. desman, from Medieval Latin bisamum. Both 1 and 2 from a Semitic source akin to Hebrew b em, b m, Aramaic besm , busm , Arabic ba m, all meaning “balsam.”
*byn.
West Semitic, to be separate, clear, distinct; in derived stems, to discern, understand. maven, from Hebrew m bîn, one with understanding, expert, active participle of h bîn, to understand, derived stem of bîn, to discern, understand.
*byt.
Common Semitic noun *bayt-, house.
1a. beta; alphabet, from Greek b ta, second letter of the Greek alphabet; b. beth, from Hebrew bêt, house, beth. Both a and b from Phoenician *b t, house, second letter of the Phoenician alphabet.
2a. bethel, from Hebrew bêt l, house of God, from bêt, bound form of bayit, house; b. Bethlehem, from Hebrew bêt-le em, house of bread (see l m).

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