Прасемитско-английский словарь на айин (звонкое фарингальное h)

Главная > Словари праязыков > Праязыки на С > Прасемитский (айин)
Семитские словари - Прасемитский. Древние: Аккадский | Арамейский | Древнееврейский | Финикийский | Угаритский. Современные: Арабский | Ассирийский | Иврит | Эфиопский
Прасемитско-английский: ‘ (ɂ) | (ˤ) | B | D | | G | Ġ | H | | | K | L | M | N | P | Q | R | S | Ś | Š | | S` | T | | | TṮ | W | Y | Z

Представлен реконструированный прасемитский корнеслов на ‘, или ˤ (хриплое звонкое придыхание, финик. ayin, араб. ayin, условно - hg) с английским описанием (см. англо-русский словарь).

Также смотрите корни в лексиконах семитских языков-потомков:


*cbd.
Central Semitic, to serve, work; noun *cabd-, servant, slave.
1. Obadiah, from Hebrew c bady h, servant of Yahweh, from c bad, alternate form of cebed, servant, slave.
2. Abednego, from Hebrew c b d-n gô, probably alteration of c b d-n bô, servant of Nabu, from c b d, alternate form of cebed, servant (n bô, Nabu, from Akkadian nabû).
*c r.
Central Semitic, to help.
1. Ezra, from Hebrew cezr , hypocoristic form of a name such as cazrî l, God (is) my help, from cazr-, cezr-, presuffixal form of c zer, help ( l, God; see l).
2. Lazarus, from Hebrew elc z r, God has helped, from c z r, he has helped, lengthened form of c zar, to help ( el, God; see l).
3. Hasdrubal, from Latin Hasdrub l, from Phoenician (Punic) *cazr -bacl, his help (is) Baal, from *cazr , his help, from cazr, help, from *czr, to help + *- , his (*bacl, Baal; see bcl).
*clm.
Arabic root, to know. ulema, from Arabic culam , plural of c lim, wise, learned, active participle of calima, to know.
*cly.
To ascend, become high, exalted.
1. aliyah, from Hebrew c l yâ, ascent, from c lâ, to ascend.
2. shalom aleichem, from Hebrew c lêkem, to you, from cal, c lê, to, toward, upon (a preposition akin to c lâ, to ascend) + -kem, you (plural).
3. Eli, from Hebrew c lî, exalted, probably short for a name meaning “God is exalted” or the like.
4. Enuma Elish (name of the Babylonian creation epic), from Akkadian en ma elî , when on high (first words of the epic; en ma, when; see ywm), from elî , above, on high, from elû, high, upper, verbal adjective of elû, to be high, tall + -i , adverbial suffix.
*cmm.
Common Semitic noun *camm-, paternal kinsman, kin, clan, people.
1a. Jeroboam, from Hebrew y robc m, the (divine) kinsman increased (y rob, he increased; see rbb); b. Rehoboam, from Hebrew r abc m, the (divine) kinsman has increased (r ab, he has increased; see r b). Both a and b from Hebrew c m, people, clan (earlier also “kinsman”).
2. Ammonite, from Hebrew cammônî, Ammonite, from cammôn, Ammon, perhaps from Canaanite *camm, paternal kinsman, kin.
3. Hammurabi, from Akkadian ammur pi, from Amorite *cammu-r pi , the (divine) kinsman (is) a healer, from *cammu, kinsman (*r pi , healer; see rp ).
*cmr.
Central Semitic, to live, dwell, build; noun *cumr-, life.
1. Omri (king of Israel), from Hebrew comrî, probably short for *comrîy h, my life (is) Yahweh, from comrî, my life, from *c mer (< *cumr-), life.
2a. Omar, from Arabic cumar, probably akin to cumr, life; b. imaret, from Arabic cim ra, building. Both a and b from Arabic cmara, to live, dwell, build.
*cms.
Central Semitic, to load, carry. Amos, from Hebrew c môs, perhaps “carried (by the divinity),” from c mas, to load, carry.
*cqb.
West Semitic, to follow, guard, protect. jack, jacket, Jacob, Jacobin, Jacquerie, James, from Hebrew yac q b, (God) has protected, from early Northwest Semitic *yacqub, preterite of *caqaba, to follow, guard.
*crb.
To enter, stand surety or bail for, guarantee.
1. arbiter, from Latin arbiter, judge, from Phoenician (Punic) *carb, surety, guarantee.
2. earnest2, from Greek arrab n, from Canaanite *cirrab n, pledge, surety, akin to Hebrew c r bôn, from *caraba, to enter, stand surety for.
3. Arabic root form rb, to depart. Maghreb, Morocco, from Arabic ma rib, place where the sun sets, west, from araba, to depart, set (of the sun).
*crp.
Central Semitic, to reckon, know. tariff, from Arabic tacr f, notification, infinitive of carrafa, to announce, inform, derived stem of carafa, to know.
*crq.
Arabic root, to sweat. a. arrack, raki, from Arabic caraq, sweat, a strong, clear liquor made of raisins; b. borage, probably from Arabic b caraq, from ab caraq, father of sweat. Both a and b from Arabic caraq, sweat, from cariqa, to sweat, perspire.
*c r.
West Semitic, to press. restrain, retain.
1. Shemini Atzereth, from Hebrew c eret, assembly, gathering, from c ar, to retain.
2. alizarin, probably from Arabic al-cu ra, the juice, from ca ara, to squeeze.
*c d.
To reap, cut. alidade, from Arabic al-ci da, the side, border, region, revolving radius of a circle, alternate form of ca ud, humerus, from ca ada, to lop, cut (trees).
*c tr.
Common Semitic masculine noun *ca tar-, feminine *ca tart-, gods representing the morning and evening stars.
1. Ashtoreth, from Hebrew ca t ret, taboo-deformation (with the vowels of b et, shame, shameful thing) of earlier *ca teret.
2a. Astarte, from Greek Astart , from Phoenician *ca tart; b. Aphrodite, from Greek Aphrod t , probably ultimately from Phoenician *ca tart, Astarte (influenced by Greek aphros, foam).
3a. Ishtar, from Akkadian i tar; b. Esther, from Hebrew est r, perhaps from Akkadian i tar, Ishtar (or from Persian sitareh, star; see ster-3 in Appendix I).
*c r.
West Semitic, to smoke, burn incense. attar, from Arabic ca ir, aromatic, from ca ira, to be fragrant.
*cwr.
West Semitic, to be(come) blind. average, from Arabic caw r ya, damaged goods, from caw r, blemish, from cawira, to become one-eyed, damaged.
*cyn.
Common Semitic noun *cayn-, eye. ayin, from Hebrew cayin, eye, ayin.
*czz.
To be(come) strong. Azazel, from Hebrew c z z l, name of a demon, perhaps corrupt for c zaz- l, God has been strong (personal name), from c zaz, reduced form of c zaz, to be strong.

Словники языков: праязыков | древних | угасших | современных | модельных
Лингвистические страницы: Языки мира | Письменности | Интерлингвистика | Компаративистика | Лексикология | Грамматика | Фонетика
Полезные страницы: История | Регионы | Карты | Энциклопедии

© «Lexicons.ru», Игорь Константинович Гаршин, 2012. Пишите письма (Письмо Игорю Константиновичу Гаршину).
Страница обновлена 31.05.2016
Метрика