Романова-английский словарь (буква A)

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Словари романоидов (искусственных романо-подобных языков): Идо | Интерлингва | Ланго | Новиаль | Окциденталь | Романичо | Романова | Фарлинго | Эсперанто
Базовый романова-английский: А | Б | В | Г | Д | Е | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Ф | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Щ | Ъ | Ю | Я
Базовый англо-романовский: А | Б | В | Г | Д | Е | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Ф | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Щ | Ъ | Ю | Я
Русско-романовский: А | Б | В | Г | Д | Е, Ё | Ж | З | И, Й | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Ф | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Щ | Э | Ю | Я
->
Basic Romanova-English Dictionary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | I | J | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V

Слова романоидного модельного языка Романова (буква A) с переводом на английский язык:


A

-a:
(-ar verb) suffix for present tense; (-ar verb) suffix for imperative; alternative adjective ending instead of -o.
суффикс
a:
(letter) a.
.
a:
(prep) (direction) to, at.
.
abajo:
(adv) down, below; ABAJO! (Get down!) Duck!
.
abandonar:
(tr) to leave; to abandon.
.
abeia:
bee.
.
abertura:
opening, hole; orifice; ~ ELE'CTRICA electric outlet.
.
a'bil:
skillful; capable.
.
abilida':
skill; capability.
.
a'bito:
habit.
.
-able:
(-ar verb) suffix meaning able to receive action of verb.
.
-ablida':
(-ar verb) suffix for ability to receive action of verb.
.
abojadura:
(n) dent.
.
abojar:
(v) to dent.
.
abonamento:
subscription.
.
abonar se (a):
(a magazine, etc.) to subscribe (to).
.
abondansa:
wealth, abundance.
.
abortar:
(intentionally) to abort; ~ ACSIDENTALMENTE to miscarry.
.
aborto:
(intentional) abortion; ~ ACSIDENTAL miscarriage.
.
abrasar:
(v) to hug.
.
abraso:
(n) hug.
.
abrer:
to open.
.
abreviar:
to abbreviate; to compress.
.
abrido:
(adj) open.
.
abril:
April.
.
abrita:
(action) opening.
.
absensa:
absence; SENTER LA ~ DE (emotionally) to miss.
.
absente:
(adj) absent; away.
.
absorber:
to absorb; to suck.
.
absorbido:
(adj) intent; absorbed.
.
aci':
here; ~ ES here is, here are.
.
acirer:
to acquire.
.
acompaniar:
to accompany; ~ FRECUENTEMENTE to associate with, to hang around with.
.
acreditar:
to credit.
.
acsento:
(manner of speaking) accent; ~ SCRIVIDO accent mark; ~ TO'NICO stress accent.
.
acseso:
access.
.
acsidental:
accidental.
.
acsidente:
accident.
.
acsion:
action, act, deed; ~ DE BORSA share of stock.
.
activado:
switched on, turned on, on; activated.
.
activar:
to switch on, to turn on; to activate.
.
acto:
(theatrical) act.
.
actual:
(adj) current.
.
acuario:
aquarium.
.
acumular:
to accumulate, to save; to pile (up); ~ VERTICALMENTE to stack.
.
acumulasion:
(n) accumulation; pile; ~ VERTICAL (n) stack.
.
acusar:
to accuse.
.
acusasion:
(n) accusation, charge.
.
adaptar (se) (a):
to adjust (to), to adapt (to).
.
adentro:
(adv) (to the inside) inside; (prep) ~ DE (to the inside of) inside.
.
aderente:
sticky.
.
aderer:
(intr) to adhere, to stick; FASER ~ (tr) to make adhere, to stick.
.
-adero:
(-ar verb) suffix for a place for the action of the verb.
.
adevante:
(adv) forward.
.
adio':
goodbye.
.
adision:
addition.
.
adisional:
extra.
.
adisionar:
to add (on).
.
admirador:
admirer, fan.
.
admirar:
to admire.
.
-ado:
(-ar verb) suffix for past participle and corresponding adjective; (-ar verb) suffix for receiver of action.
.
adolesente:
adolescent.
.
-ador:
(-ar verb) suffix for habitual or professional doer.
.
-adora:
(-ar verb) suffix for instrument, device, or tool.
.
adorar:
(v) to worship.
.
adorasion:
(n) worship.
.
adulto:
adult, grown-up.
.
adverbio:
adverb.
.
adversario:
opponent.
.
aeroporto:
airport.
.
afecsion:
affection.
.
afectuoso:
affectionate.
.
afirmar:
to assert, to claim.
.
afirmasion:
(n) assertion, claim.
.
afora:
(adv) (to the outside) out, outside; ~ DI (prep) (to the outside of) out (of), outside (of).
.
A'frica:
Africa.
.
agajar se:
to squat.
.
agno'stico:
agnostic.
.
agosto:
(month) August.
.
agresivo:
agressive.
.
agrimesura:
(measurement of land) survey.
.
agro:
sour.
.
agua:
water.
.
agudo:
sharp.
.
agu'ia:
needle.
.
aieri:
yesterday.
.
aio:
garlic.
.
aiuda:
(n) help.
.
aiudar:
to help.
.
aj:
(letter) h.
.
aja:
axe.
.
ajensa:
agency.
.
ajente:
agent.
.
ajer:
to have an effect, to act; ~ EN to have an effect on, to act on.
.
ajetivo:
adjective.
.
ajitar:
to shake; ~ SUO MANO to wave (one's hand); ~ SE to shake, to tremble.
.
al:
(singular) to the {See:
a; See:
el}.
.
ala:
(n) wing.
.
ala':
there.
.
alarmar:
to alert.
.
alarme:
(n) alert.
.
Albania:
Albania.
.
albergadero:
lodging, shelter; inn.
.
albergar:
to shelter; ~ SE to take shelter, to lodge.
.
albricoce:
apricot.
.
alcalino:
alkaline.
.
alcol:
alcohol.
.
alegrar:
to gladden; ~ SE to be glad, to rejoice; ~ SE DE {infinitive} to be glad to {infinitive}; ~ SE DE CE to be glad that.
.
alegre:
joyful, happy.
.
Alemania:
Germany.
.
alerji'a:
allergy.
.
ale'rjico:
allergic.
.
alguno (or alguna):
(singular) some, a; ~ TIPO (DE) some kind (of).
.
algunos (or algunas):
(plural) some.
.
alimentar:
(to give food to) to feed.
.
alimenteri'a:
(store) grocery.
.
alimento:
food; (for animals) (n) feed; ALIMENTOS groceries, foods.
.
alma:
soul.
.
alo':
hello, hi.
.
alpilete:
(n) pin.
.
alternar:
to alternate.
.
altida':
(tallness) height.
.
altitude:
(geological) altitude, elevation, height.
.
alto:
high; tall; ALTO! (Halt!) Stop!
.
aluminio:
aluminum, aluminium.
.
amante:
lover.
.
amar:
to love.
.
amarilo:
yellow.
.
ambiente:
environment; surroundings.
.
ambos:
both.
.
ambulansa:
ambulance.
.
ame'noce:
(conj) unless.
.
Ame'rica:
America; LAS AME'RICAS the Americas.
.
amerindio:
(Native American) American Indian.
.
amigo:
(n) friend; (adj) friendly; UN ~ MIO a friend of mine.
.
amor:
(n) love; FASER EL ~ to make love.
.
amplida':
width.
.
amplo:
wide, broad.
.
analfabetismo:
illiteracy.
.
analfabeto:
illiterate.
.
analisar:
(v) to analyse.
.
ana'lisi:
analysis.
.
ana'logo:
analogous.
.
ananase:
pineapple.
.
anarci'a:
anarchy.
.
a'nate:
(n) (bird) duck.
.
anca:
hip.
.
andar {irregular present and imperative tenses:
va}:
to go; ~ A LA DERIVA to drift; ~ A OTRA PARTE to go away; ~ AL FONDO to sink; ~ A LA SUPERFISE to surface, to go to the surface; ~ ARRETRO to go backwards, to back up; ~ DE COMPRAS to shop, to go shopping.
.
-ando:
(-ar verb) suffix for present participle.
.
anelo:
(n) (jewelry) ring.
.
anfibio:
amphibian.
.
anfitrion:
(person) host.
.
a'ngulo:
corner; angle; ~ RECTO right angle.
.
angusto:
(adj) narrow; thin.
.
animal:
animal; ~ DOME'STICO (n) pet.
.
animalete:
tiny animal; bug.
.
animista:
Animist.
.
anio:
year; EL ~ NOVO New Year's; EL DI'A DEL ~ NOVO New Year's Day; LA VIJILIA DEL ~ NOVO New Year's Eve; TENER ... ANIOS to be ... years old.
.
aniversario:
anniversary.
.
a'njel:
angel.
.
ano:
anus.
.
-ano:
suffix for inhabitant or member (based on place or organization).
.
anotar:
to note, to write down.
.
anotasion:
annotation, note.
.
-ansa:
(-ar verb) suffix for abstract idea (formed from verb).
.
ansestral:
(n) ancestor; (adj) ancestral.
.
Anta'rtica:
Antarctica.
.
-ante:
(-ar verb) suffix for active adjective from verb.
.
antes:
(adv) before; ~ CE (conj) before; ~ DE (prep) (time) before; ~ DE LA ORA NORMAL before the expected time, early.
.
antigo:
ancient.
.
antipasto:
appetizer, hors-d'oeuvre.
.
antipa'tico:
(adj) mean, unpleasant.
.
anunsiar:
to advertise; to announce.
.
anunsio:
advertisement; announcement.
.
aora:
now.
.
aparato:
apparatus, set.
.
aparensa:
(n) (look) appearance.
.
aparer:
(to look) to appear.
.
apareser:
(to show up) to appear.
.
aparision:
(showing up) appearance.
.
apartamento:
apartment.
.
aparte:
apart; ~ DE apart from.
.
apartener (a) {irregular present and imperative tenses:
apartiene}:
to belong (to).
.
apartiene:
See:
apartener.
.
apati'a:
apathy.
.
apa'tico:
apathetic.
.
apelo:
(n) appeal; FASER UN ~ to make an appeal.
.
apena:
(a moment ago) just.
.
ape'ndise:
appendix.
.
apendisiti:
appendicitis.
.
aperitivo:
aperitif.
.
apoiar:
(physically, from below) to support; ~ SE SOBRA to lean on.
.
apoio:
(n) support.
.
apopleji'a:
(disease) stroke.
.
aportar:
to bring, to retrieve, to fetch.
.
apo'strofo:
(mark) apostrophe.
.
aprender (a):
to learn (to).
.
apresiar:
to value, to appreciate.
.
apresiasion:
appreciation.
.
aprocsimadamente:
approximately, about.
.
aprocsimar:
to approximate; ~ SE (A) to approach, to come closer (to).
.
aprovar:
to approve.
.
aprovasion:
approval.
.
apto:
(adj) apt, fit.
.
apuntar:
(weapon) to aim.
.
-ar:
(-ar verb) suffix for infinitive.
.
ar:
(land measurement) are.
.
-ara':
(-ar verb) suffix for future tense.
.
Arabia Saudita:
Saudi Arabia.
.
aradora:
(n) plow, plough.
.
arania:
spider.
.
aranja:
(n) (fruit) orange; ~ MANDARINA (fruit) tangerine.
.
aranjado:
(adj) orange, orange-colored.
.
arar:
to plow, to plough.
.
a'rbitro:
referee.
.
a'rbore:
tree.
.
arbusto:
bush, shrub.
.
arco:
arch; (for arrows) bow; ~ IRIS rainbow.
.
arder:
to burn.
.
ardita:
(n) burning, burn.
.
are:
air.
.
arena:
sand.
.
argumentar:
to reason, to argue.
.
argumento:
reasoning, argument.
.
-ari'a:
(-ar verb) suffix for conditional.
.
Arjentina:
Argentina.
.
arjento:
silver.
.
arjila:
clay.
.
arjivero:
computer drive.
.
arjivo:
computer directory, folder; archive.
.
arma:
arm, weapon; ~ DE FOGO gun, firearm.
.
armado:
armed.
.
armadura:
framework, frame.
.
armar:
to arm.
.
armario:
closet; cupboard.
.
arrestar:
to arrest.
.
arresto:
(n) arrest.
.
arretro:
(adv) backwards, back.
.
arrivar:
to arrive; ~ EN to arrive in, to arrive at, to reach; ~ EN PORTO to arrive in port, to dock.
.
arrivata:
arrival.
.
arrose:
rice.
.
arte:
art.
.
articulasion:
hinge; joint.
.
arti'culo:
article.
.
artifisial:
artificial.
.
artileri'a:
artillery.
.
asa:
(n) (for moving something) handle.
.
asasinar:
to murder.
.
asasino:
murderer.
.
asegurar:
to insure.
.
asegurasion:
insurance.
.
asender:
to ascend, to go up; to climb (up).
.
asensor:
(n) elevator, lift.
.
aseptar:
to accept.
.
aserbo:
(adj) bitter.
.
asfalto:
(n) asphalt, tar.
.
asi':
like this; like that; thus, so; ~ CLAMADO so-called.
.
Asia:
Asia.
.
a'sido:
acid.
.
asiero:
steel.
.
asima:
(adv) up, above.
.
asimilar (se):
to assimilate.
.
asno:
donkey.
.
asosiasion:
association, league, club.
.
aspa'rago:
asparagus.
.
asperjar:
to spray; to sprinkle.
.
a'spero:
(adj) rough.
.
aspersion:
(n) spraying; sprinkling.
.
aspiradora:
vacuum cleaner.
.
aspirar:
to sniff.
.
asta:
(prep) until; up to; ~ CE (conj) until; ~ LA VISTA! See you later!
.
asterisco:
(pointed shape) star; asterisk.
.
asteroide:
asteroid.
.
astro:
heavenly body, astronomical object.
.
asu'caro:
sugar.
.
asur:
blue.
.
-ata:
(-ar verb) suffix for an instance of the action of the verb.
.
atacar:
to attack, to assault.
.
atace:
(n) assault; attack; ~ I VIOLENSA assault and battery.
.
atei'sta:
atheist.
.
atendedor de infantes:
babysitter.
.
atender:
to take care of; to attend (to).
.
atension:
attention, attentiveness; care.
.
atento:
attentive.
.
a'tico:
attic.
.
atleta:
athlete.
.
atle'tica:
athletics.
.
atmosfera:
atmosphere.
.
ato'mico:
atomic.
.
a'tomo:
atom.
.
aton:
tuna.
.
atracsion:
attraction.
.
atraer {irregular past participle:
atrai'do}:
to attract.
.
atrai'do:
See:
atraer.
.
atra's:
(adv) (direction) behind; ~ DE (prep) behind.
.
atrave's:
(adv) across; (prep) across; through; ~ TODO(S) throughout.
.
atravesar:
to cross.
.
audase:
bold.
.
audasida':
boldness, nerve.
.
aumentar:
(tr) to increase, to add to; ~ SE (intr) to increase.
.
aumento:
(n) increase; ~ DE SALARIO pay increase, raise.
.
auricular:
earphone.
.
aurora:
(n) dawn.
.
ausiliar:
auxiliary.
.
Australia:
Australia.
.
Austria:
Austria.
.
auto:
auto, automobile, car.
.
autobu's:
bus; AUTOBUSES buses.
.
automa'tico:
automatic.
.
automo'bil:
auto, automobile, car.
.
autor:
author.
.
autorida':
authority, power.
.
autorisar:
to authorize.
.
autovi'a:
freeway; highway.
.
-ava:
(-ar verb) suffix for imperfect tense.
.
avalanja:
avalanche; ~ DE TERRA landslide.
.
avansar:
to advance, to move forward.
.
avansata:
(n) advancement, moving forward.
.
avari'a:
breakdown.
.
avarida':
greed.
.
avaro:
(adj) greedy, miserly.
.
ave:
(n) bird; (v) there is, there are; (used in perfect tense) have, has {done something}; ~ UN RUMOR CE... it's rumored that....
.
avena:
oats.
.
aventura:
(n) adventure.
.
aver:
there to be; (used in perfect tenses) to have {done something}.
.
avera':
there will be; (used in future perfect) will have {done something}.
.
averi'a:
there would be; (used in conditional perfect) would have {done something}.
.
aversion:
(n) dislike; SENTER ~ DE to dislike {See:
desplaser}.
.
avertensa:
warning.
.
averter:
to warn.
.
aveva:
there was, there were; (used in pluperfect) had {done something}.
.
avion:
aircraft, airplane; ~ DE REACSION jet airplane.
.
avisar:
to inform, to let know.
.
aviso:
(n) notice; message.
.
avocato:
lawyer.
.

B

bacterias:
(plural) bacteria.
.
bagaje:
suitcase; BAGAJES baggage, luggage.
.
bagatela:
toy.
.
baia:
berry.
.
bajar:
to lower.
.
bajo:
low; (in height) short.
.
bala:
(n) bullet.
.
balansar (se):
(v) to swing; to oscillate.
.
balde:
bucket.
.
balena:
whale.
.
balon:
balloon.
.
bambu':
bamboo.
.
banana:
(fruit) banana.
.
bananera:
banana plant.
.
banca:
bench.
.
banco:
(financial) bank.
.
bandeja:
(shallow dish) tray.
.
bandera:
flag.
.
baniar (se):
to bathe.
.
baniero:
bathtub.
.
banio:
bath.
.
bar:
bar, pub.
.
barba:
beard.
.
barberi'a:
barbershop.
.
barbero:
barber.
.
barca:
boat.
.
baril:
barrel.
.
barra:
rod, bar.
.
barrera:
barrier.
.
barricada:
barricade.
.
base:
base.
.
bastante:
(adj) enough, sufficient; (adv) enough, sufficiently; BASTANTES (plural) enough.
.
bastar:
to be enough.
.
baston:
(n) stick, club.
.
bataia:
(n) battle.
.
bater:
to hit, to beat, to strike; ~ CON EL PIE to kick; ~ EN to knock on.
.
batita:
(n) beating.
.
be:
b.
.
bebe':
baby.
.
Be'ljica:
Belgium.
.
belo:
beautiful; good-looking; handsome; pretty.
.
ben:
(interjection) well.
.
bence:
(conj) although, even though.
.
bendaje:
(n) bandage; PONER UN ~ EN to bandage, to put a bandage on.
.
bendiser:
(to wish good upon) to bless.
.
bene'volo:
(benevolent) kind, nice.
.
benvener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
benviene}:
to welcome.
.
benvenido:
(adj) welcome.
.
benviene:
See:
benvener.
.
besar:
to kiss.
.
beso:
(n) kiss.
.
bever:
to drink; ~ DI EL SENO (intr) to suckle, to nurse.
.
bevida:
(n) drink; ~ SINSA ALCOL soft drink.
.
biblioteca:
library.
.
bico:
beak.
.
bien:
(adv) okay; well; (healthy) well, fine; STAR ~ to be well.
.
bifteca:
steak, beefsteak.
.
bileto:
(paper money) bill.
.
biliar:
(billiards) pool.
.
biliete:
ticket.
.
binoclos:
binoculars.
.
bir:
beer.
.
bisicleta:
bicycle.
.
bito:
(data) bit.
.
blanco:
white.
.
blata:
cockroach.
.
bloco:
(solid flat-surfaced mass of material) block; ~ DE ARJILA (DURA) brick.
.
blusa:
blouse.
.
bobina:
(cylinder for winding) spool; reel.
.
boca:
mouth.
.
bola:
ball.
.
bolsa:
bag; (handbag) pocketbook, purse.
.
bolseta (en el vestimento):
pocket.
.
bomba:
(n) bomb.
.
bombardar:
to bomb; to bombard.
.
bombon:
(a piece of) candy; BOMBONES candy.
.
bono:
good, fine; BONA NOTJE! Good night!; BONO DI'A! Good day!; BONO JORNO! Good day!
.
bordo:
edge; rim.
.
borsa:
stock market.
.
boteia:
bottle, jug.
.
boton:
button; (on a keyboard) key; (of a plant) bud.
.
botonero:
keyboard.
.
bove:
bovine; ox; BOVES cattle, bovines; PELE DE ~ (n) leather; DE PELE DE ~ (adj) leather.
.
Brasil:
Brazil.
.
braso:
(n) (body part) arm; ~ INFERIOR forearm.
.
breve:
(brief in time) short.
.
brilante:
(with much light) bright.
.
brilar:
(intr) to shine, to glow.
.
brilo:
(n) shine.
.
brindar:
(to someone's health, etc.) to toast.
.
brindis:
(n) (to someone's health, etc.) toast; BRI'NDISES toasts.
.
broja:
(n) brush; ~ DENTAL toothbrush.
.
brojar:
to brush.
.
bronciti:
bronchitis.
.
bronsado:
(adj) tan.
.
bronsadura:
(n) (result of tanning) suntan, tan.
.
bronsar se:
to get a suntan.
.
bronsata:
(process) tanning, tan.
.
bronse:
(n) bronze.
.
bruma:
fog; mist.
.
brumoso:
foggy.
.
bruno:
brown.
.
budista:
Buddhist.
.
bulbulia:
(n) bubble.
.
buler:
to boil.
.
Bulgaria:
Bulgaria.
.
burgo:
village.
.
burla:
practical joke, trick.
.
burlar:
to play a joke (on).
.
buro':
office, bureau; ~ POSTAL post office.
.
burro:
butter.
.
busca:
(n) search.
.
buscar:
to look (for), to search (for), to seek.
.
bu'sola:
compass.
.

C

ca:
(letter) k.
.
ca:
A ~ to the house of; EN ~ at the house of.
.
cabesa:
head.
.
cabro:
goat.
.
cacauete:
peanut.
.
cada:
every, each; ~ UNO each one; ~ TRES DI'AS every third day.
.
cadena:
chain.
.
cader:
(intr) to fall, to drop.
.
cadita:
(n) fall, drop.
.
cafe':
coffee.
.
caja:
box, case; chest, trunk; ~ POSTAL mailbox.
.
calabasa:
squash; gourd.
.
calcular:
to calculate, to reckon; ~ EL TE'RMINO MEDIANO to calculate the average.
.
ca'lculo:
calculation.
.
calideto:
(adj) warm.
.
ca'lido:
(adj) hot; SER ~ to be hot.
.
calma:
(n) calm, quiet.
.
calmado:
(adj) calm, quiet, still.
.
calmar:
(tr) to calm, to quiet; ~ SE to quiet oneself down, to calm oneself down.
.
calor:
(n) heat; TENER ~ to be hot.
.
caloradora:
heater.
.
calorar:
to heat.
.
caloroso:
hot.
.
calsadura:
shoe.
.
calsar (se):
to put shoes on.
.
calseta:
sock; stocking.
.
ca'mara:
room; ~ DE STUDIO (n) (room) study.
.
camaron:
shrimp.
.
cambiar:
(tr) to change; (a check) to cash; (gear) to shift; ~ ... EN to change ... into; ~ SE (intr) to change; ~ SE DE IDEA to change one's mind.
.
cambio:
(n) change.
.
ca'mera:
camera.
.
caminar:
to walk.
.
caminata:
(n) walk.
.
camino:
road, street, path; ~ DE PIE sidewalk.
.
camion:
truck.
.
camisa:
shirt.
.
camiseta:
undershirt.
.
campana:
(n) bell.
.
campania:
(n) campaign; FASER ~ to campaign.
.
campo:
countryside, country; (n) range, reach; field; EL ~ SILVESTRE the wild, the bush.
.
camposanto:
cemetery, graveyard.
.
ca'nabe:
hemp.
.
Canada':
Canada.
.
canal:
channel; canal.
.
candela:
candle.
.
candidato:
candidate.
.
cane:
dog.
.
canon:
cannon.
.
ca'nser:
(disease) cancer.
.
canson:
song.
.
cantar:
to sing.
.
Ca'nuca:
Chanukah.
.
capase:
able.
.
capasida':
ability.
.
capasitar:
to enable.
.
capital:
(n) (economic) capital.
.
capitale:
capital city.
.
capitular:
to surrender, to capitulate.
.
capitulasion:
(n) (capitulation) surrender.
.
capi'tulo:
chapter.
.
capo':
(cover of an engine) hood.
.
caprijo:
whim.
.
capturado:
(n) (that which is caught) catch.
.
capturadora:
trap.
.
capturar:
to capture, to catch.
.
capturata:
(n) capture.
.
capujo:
(for head) hood.
.
carbon:
coal; carbon.
.
caresia:
(n) caress.
.
caresiar:
to caress, to stroke.
.
carga:
(n) load.
.
cargar:
to load.
.
caricatura:
(drawing) cartoon; ~ ANIMADA animated cartoon.
.
carne:
meat; ~ DE BOVE beef; ~ DE POIO (meat) chicken; ~ DE OVINO mutton.
.
caro:
dear.
.
carota:
carrot.
.
carreta:
cart.
.
carrosa:
(pulled by animal) carriage; parade float.
.
carta:
card; ~ DE CRE'DITO credit card.
.
carton:
cardboard.
.
cartujo:
cartridge.
.
casa:
(n) house; home; A ~ (to one's) home; EN ~ at home.
.
casco:
helmet.
.
caserola:
pan.
.
casete:
cassette.
.
casiero:
(n) cashier.
.
caso:
(instance) case.
.
castelo:
castle.
.
castigar:
to punish.
.
castigo:
punishment.
.
cata'logo:
(n) catalog, catalogue.
.
categori'a:
category, class.
.
catjador:
hunter.
.
catjar:
to hunt.
.
catjata:
(n) hunt.
.
cato'lico:
Catholic.
.
causa:
(n) cause.
.
causar:
to cause.
.
cautela:
(n) caution, care.
.
cauteloso:
cautious, careful.
.
cautju':
(material) rubber.
.
cavalo:
horse.
.
caverna:
(n) cave.
.
cavilia:
ankle.
.
ce:
(letter) c.
.
ce:
what; (conj) that; (prep, conj) than; (relative pronoun) that, which; ~ TIPO (DE) what kind (of); ~ SORPRESA! What a surprise!
.
cejo:
cheese.
.
cerer {irregular present and imperative tenses:
ciere}:
to want; to intend, to mean {to do something}.
.
cien:
who; whom; PE ~ whom.
.
-ciera:
suffix for -ever; CIENCIERA whoever.
.
ciere:
See:
cerer.
.
cilo-:
kilo-.
.
cilo:
kilogram.
.
ciloersio:
kilohertz.
.
cilogramo:
kilogram.
.
cilometro:
kilometer.
.
cilovatio:
kilowatt.
.
ci'mica:
chemistry.
.
cimicista:
chemist.
.
ci'mico:
chemical.
.
citansa:
receipt.
.
clacson:
(vehicle's) horn.
.
clamar:
(to refer to by name as) to call; to summon, to call.
.
clamata:
(n) (summoning) call.
.
clarificar (se):
to clear (up).
.
claro:
(adj) clear; (not dark) light.
.
clase:
(school) class.
.
clasificar:
(v) to sort.
.
clave:
(n) key; wrench, spanner; SERRAR CON ~ to lock.
.
clavinglesa:
monkey wrench.
.
clavo:
(for carpentry) nail.
.
cle'rigo:
clergyperson.
.
clicar:
to click; ~ DOS VESES to double-click.
.
clicata:
(n) click; DOS CLICATAS (RA'PIDAS) a double-click.
.
cliente:
customer; (n) (medical) patient.
.
cloaca:
sewage system, sewer.
.
clube:
(n) club.
.
cocai'na:
cocaine.
.
coda:
(n) tail.
.
co'digo:
(rules) code.
.
codo:
elbow.
.
codon:
cotton.
.
col:
cabbage.
.
cola:
(n) glue, paste; FASER ADERER CON ~ to glue, to paste.
.
colar:
(n) collar.
.
colecsion:
(group of things) collection, set.
.
colecsionar:
(to make a collection) to collect.
.
colera:
(disease) cholera.
.
co'lera:
(n) anger.
.
colerar:
to make angry; ~ SE to get angry.
.
cole'rico:
angry.
.
colero:
necklace.
.
colider con:
to collide with, to bump into, crash into, to hit.
.
colo:
neck.
.
Colombia:
Colombia.
.
colonia:
colony.
.
colonisar:
(v) to colonize.
.
color:
(n) color; ~ DE ARANJA (n) (color) orange; DE ~ DE ARANJA (adj) orange.
.
colorar:
to color.
.
coluna:
(support) post; column.
.
comandar:
to command, to order; ELI ME COMANDO' A FASER LO He ordered me to do it.
.
comandata:
(n) order.
.
comando:
(n) command.
.
combater:
to fight.
.
combustible:
(n) fuel; PONER ~ EN to fuel.
.
comensando en:
starting in, since.
.
comensar:
to start, to begin.
.
comensata:
(n) beginning, start.
.
comentar:
(v) to comment (on).
.
comentario:
(n) comment.
.
comersiante:
merchant.
.
comersiar:
to do business, to trade.
.
comersio:
commerce, business, trade.
.
cometa:
comet.
.
cometer:
to commit; ~ UN ERROR to make a mistake.
.
co'mico:
funny, comic, humorous.
.
comision:
(group) committee; commission.
.
como:
how; (conj) as; (prep) like; ~ SI as if, as though.
.
comociera (ce):
any way (that), however.
.
comoda:
(commode) toilet.
.
comodida':
comfort, ease.
.
co'modo:
comfortable.
.
compani'a:
business, company, firm.
.
comparar:
to compare.
.
comparasion:
comparison.
.
compartimento:
compartment.
.
competer:
to compete.
.
competision:
competition.
.
competitivo:
competitive.
.
completamente:
completely, quite; NO ~ not quite, not completely.
.
completar:
to complete, fulfill; ~ UNA PROMESA to keep a promise.
.
completo:
(adj) complete; fulfilled; whole.
.
complimentar:
to compliment.
.
complimento:
(n) compliment.
.
comportamento:
behavior; ~ CONVENENTE proper behavior, etiquette.
.
comportar se:
to behave, to act.
.
compra:
(n) purchase, buy.
.
comprar:
to buy, to purchase.
.
comprender:
to understand.
.
comprimedora:
(machine for squeezing) press.
.
comprimer:
(a button) to push; to press; to compress; to squeeze; to crush.
.
comprimita:
(n) squeeze; press.
.
comprometer:
to commit; ~ SE to commit oneself, to make a commitment.
.
compromiso:
commitment.
.
computadora:
computer.
.
computar:
to compute.
.
comun:
common; TENER EN ~ to have in common.
.
comunicar:
to communicate; ~ RELIJOSAMENTE (a Dio, etse'tera) to pray.
.
comunicasion:
communication; ~ RELIJOSA (a Dio, etse'tera) prayer.
.
comunida':
community.
.
con:
with; by means of; ~ SON FORTE loud, loudly; ~ VOSE FORTE loud, loudly.
.
co'ncavo:
concave.
.
concordar:
to agree.
.
concordia:
(n) agreement.
.
concupisensa:
(n) lust.
.
condenado:
condemned; damned.
.
condenar:
to condemn; to damn.
.
condenasion:
condemnation; damnation.
.
condensar:
to condense.
.
condimentar:
(food) to season.
.
condimento:
condiment; dressing; seasoning; spice.
.
condision:
condition, state; condition, stipulation; A ~ CE (conj) provided (that), if.
.
condisional:
conditional.
.
condolente:
(adj) (condolent) sorry.
.
condoler se:
to be sorry, to be condolent; IO ME CONDOLE I'm sorry, my condolences.
.
conduser:
to lead, to conduct; (vehicle) to drive.
.
condusita:
(n) (in vehicle) drive.
.
conecsion:
connection.
.
conectar:
to connect.
.
coneio:
rabbit.
.
confesar:
to confess.
.
confesion:
confession.
.
confidansa:
(n) trust.
.
confidar:
to trust; to rely on, to depend on.
.
confiscar:
(v) to confiscate.
.
conflito:
(n) conflict.
.
conforme a:
(prep) according to.
.
confunder:
(v) to confuse.
.
confusion:
confusion.
.
congreso:
congress.
.
conja:
seashell.
.
conjestion:
(n) crowding; congestion; ~ DE TRA'FICO traffic jam, traffic congestion.
.
conjestionado:
crowded.
.
conjestionar:
to crowd.
.
conjetura:
(n) guess.
.
conjeturar:
to guess.
.
conjugar:
to conjugate.
.
conjugasion:
conjugation.
.
conjunsion:
conjunction.
.
conoser:
to be acquainted with, to know; to recognize.
.
conosimento:
knowledge {of something}; familiarity {with something or someone}; recognition of {something or someone}.
.
conseger:
to obtain, to get.
.
conseiar:
to advise.
.
conseio:
advice; tip.
.
conselio:
(group) board.
.
conserva:
(food) jelly.
.
conservador:
conservative.
.
conservar:
to conserve, to save; to preserve.
.
considerar:
to consider.
.
considerasion:
consideration.
.
consiensa:
consciousness, awareness.
.
consiente:
conscious, aware; SER ~ (DE) to be aware (of).
.
consister de:
to consist of.
.
consolar:
to console, to comfort.
.
consolasion:
(n) consolation, comfort.
.
consonante:
(n) consonant.
.
consultar:
to consult.
.
consumedor:
consumer.
.
consumer:
to consume; to exhaust, to use up.
.
contabilida':
accounting.
.
contable:
accountant.
.
contactar:
to contact; to reach.
.
contacto:
contact.
.
contadora:
(device for counting) meter.
.
contajoso:
contagious.
.
contaminar:
to pollute, to contaminate.
.
contaminasion:
pollution, contamination.
.
contar:
to count.
.
contata:
(n) count.
.
contenedora:
container.
.
contener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
contiene}:
to contain.
.
contento:
(adj) content, happy, satisfied.
.
contiene:
See:
contener.
.
continente:
continent.
.
continu'a:
See:
continuar.
.
continuar {irregular present and imperative tenses:
continu'a}:
to continue; (followed by progressive tense) to still be {doing something}.
.
continuasion:
continuation.
.
continuo:
constant; continual.
.
conto:
account.
.
contorser (se):
to wriggle, to wiggle.
.
contra:
(prep) against.
.
contrabando:
contraband; TRASPORTAR COMO ~ to smuggle; TRASPORTASION DE ~ (n) smuggling.
.
contraer (se) {irregular past participle:
contrai'do}:
to shrink, to contract.
.
contrai'do:
See:
contraer.
.
contrario:
contrary, opposite; AL ~ on the contrary.
.
contrasepsion:
contraception.
.
contraseptivo:
contraceptive.
.
contratar:
to contract, to make a contract with.
.
contrato:
(n) (agreement) contract.
.
control:
(n) (knob, button, switch, etc.) control; ~ REMOTO remote control.
.
convecso:
convex.
.
convenente:
(adj) appropriate, fitting, suitable.
.
convener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
conviene}:
to be appropriate, to be suitable.
.
convenser:
to convince.
.
convension:
convention.
.
conversar:
to converse.
.
conversasion:
conversation.
.
convicsion:
(moral) belief.
.
conviene:
See:
convener.
.
convulsion:
(n) convulsion, fit, attack.
.
copa:
wineglass; (trophy) cup.
.
copia:
(n) copy; ~ DE SECURIDA' (n) backup copy (of data).
.
copiar:
to copy; ~ PAR SECURIDA' (data) to backup.
.
copular (con):
to have sex (with), to copulate (with).
.
coraje:
courage.
.
corajoso:
brave, courageous.
.
corda:
rope.
.
cordeta:
string.
.
core:
heart.
.
Corea del Norte:
North Korea.
.
Corea del Sude:
South Korea.
.
corjera:
(tree) cork.
.
corjo:
(wood) cork; CUBREDORA DE ~ (stopper) cork.
.
corno:
(animal's) horn.
.
corpo:
body.
.
correctamente:
correctly, right.
.
correcto:
correct, right.
.
correia:
strap; (to control animals) leash.
.
correr:
to run.
.
correspondensa:
(match) correspondence.
.
corresponder:
to correspond, to match; ~ A to correspond to, to fit, to match; ~ CON to correspond with, to match.
.
corridorio:
hall, corridor.
.
corriente:
(n) current; flow.
.
corrita:
(n) run; ~ COMPETITIVA (competitive) race.
.
cortado:
(adj) cut.
.
cortadora:
scissors.
.
cortar:
to cut; to clip; ~ EN PIESAS to slice.
.
cortata:
(n) cutting; ~ DE PELO haircut, cutting of hair; ~ DE UNGIAS manicure.
.
corte:
court; courtyard.
.
cortese:
polite.
.
cortina:
curtain.
.
corto:
(adj) (in length) short.
.
cosa:
thing; ALGUNA ~ something; NENGUNA ~ nothing; TODAS LAS COSAS everything.
.
coscripsion:
(military) conscription, draft.
.
coscriver:
(military) to draft.
.
cosina:
kitchen; cuisine.
.
cosinadero:
kitchen.
.
cosinar:
to cook; ~ AL FORNO to bake.
.
cospirar:
to conspire, to plot.
.
cospirasion:
(n) conspiracy, plot.
.
costa:
(of sea or lake) shore; coast.
.
costar:
to cost.
.
costela:
rib.
.
costipar se:
to catch cold.
.
costipasion:
(disease) cold.
.
costitusion:
constitution.
.
costo:
(n) cost; price; ~ POSTAL postage.
.
costoso:
expensive.
.
costrucsion:
(act of constructing) construction, building.
.
costru'e:
See:
costruer.
.
costruer {irregular present and imperative tenses:
costru'e}:
to construct, to build.
.
costume:
custom; DE ~ customary; customarily.
.
costura:
sewing.
.
costurar:
to sew.
.
coteleta:
cutlet.
.
covarde:
coward; cowardly.
.
covertura:
(covers) blanket.
.
covre:
copper.
.
cranio:
skull.
.
cravata:
necktie, tie.
.
crear:
(children, etc.) to bring up, to raise.
.
credensa:
(believed to be true) belief.
.
creder:
(to have an opinion) to think; to believe.
.
cre'dito:
(n) credit.
.
crema:
cream; ~ PAR RASURAR shaving cream.
.
creser:
(intr) to grow; to develop.
.
cresimento:
growth, growing; development.
.
cribadora:
(n) mesh, screen.
.
cribar:
to sift, to screen.
.
crico:
(for lifting) jack; ELEVAR CON UN ~ to jack up.
.
crime:
crime.
.
criminal:
criminal.
.
crisi:
crisis.
.
cristiano:
Christian.
.
criterio:
criterion, standard.
.
cri'tica:
(from a critic) criticism; (n) review.
.
criticar:
(as a critic) to criticize; to review.
.
cri'tico:
(n) critic; (adj) critical.
.
cronometrar:
to time, to measure the time of.
.
crudo:
raw.
.
cruse:
(n) (object with + shape) cross.
.
crustasio:
crustacean.
.
cu:
(letter) q.
.
cuaderno:
notebook.
.
cuadrado:
(shape) square.
.
cuadrar:
to square.
.
cuadro:
picture-frame.
.
cual:
(interrogative, singular) which.
.
cualce:
any; ~ COSA anything; ~ OTRA COSA anything else; ~ PERSONA anyone.
.
cuales:
(interrogative, plural) which.
.
cualida':
quality; character.
.
cuando:
when.
.
cuantida':
quantity.
.
cuanto:
how much; (followed by adjective or adverb) how.
.
cuantos:
how many.
.
cuarenta:
forty.
.
cuarente'simo:
(ordinal) fortieth.
.
cuarentieme:
(fraction) fortieth.
.
cuarto:
(fraction) quarter, fourth.
.
cuasi:
almost, nearly.
.
cuatre'simo:
(ordinal) fourth.
.
cuatrieme:
(fraction) quarter, fourth.
.
cuatro:
four.
.
Cuba:
Cuba.
.
cubar:
(math) to cube.
.
cubo:
(n) cube.
.
cubredora:
(n) lid, top, cover.
.
cubrer:
to cover.
.
cuciara:
spoon.
.
cuestion:
(affair, business) matter.
.
cujin:
pillow, cushion.
.
cujinero:
pillowcase.
.
culpa:
(n) (blame) fault.
.
culpable:
(adj) guilty, to blame.
.
culpar:
to blame.
.
cultivadero:
(n) farm.
.
cultivador:
farmer.
.
cultivados:
crops.
.
cultivar:
(tr) (crops) to cultivate, to grow, to raise.
.
cultivasion:
cultivation.
.
cultura:
culture.
.
cuo {stressed on the u}:
(singular) whose {The singularity refers to possessions, not to possessors.}.
.
cuos {stressed on the u}:
(plural) whose {The plurality refers to possessions, not to possessors.}.
.
cuota:
quota.
.
cupon:
coupon.
.
curar:
(the sick) to nurse; (medically) to treat.
.
curva:
(n) curve.
.
curvar:
to curve, to bend.
.
cusina:
(female) cousin.
.
cusine:
(regardless of gender) cousin.
.
cusino:
(male) cousin.
.
cutelo:
knife.
.

D

dados:
(for games) dice.
.
dama:
lady.
.
Danamarca:
Denmark.
.
dansa:
(n) dance.
.
dansar:
to dance.
.
dar:
to give.
.
data:
(day, month, and year) date.
.
dato:
datum; DATOS data.
.
de:
(letter) d.
.
de:
(prep) of; concerning, about, regarding {See:
di}.
.
de'bil:
weak.
.
decalitro:
decaliter.
.
declarar:
to state, to declare.
.
declarasion:
statement, declaration.
.
declive:
(n) slope; TENER UN ~ (intr) to slope.
.
decorar:
to decorate.
.
decorasion:
decoration.
.
dedo:
finger; ~ DEL PIE toe.
.
defecar:
to defecate.
.
defecto:
defect, fault; blemish.
.
defender:
to defend.
.
defensa:
(n) defense.
.
definer:
to define.
.
definision:
definition.
.
deforme:
(adj) ugly.
.
del:
(singular) of the {See:
de; See:
el}.
.
delantal:
apron.
.
delicado:
delicate.
.
delta:
delta.
.
demase:
(excessively) too, too much; (an excessive amount of) too much; ~ POCO (adv) too little; ~ POCOS too few.
.
demases:
too many.
.
demente:
insane, crazy, demented.
.
dementida':
insanity.
.
democrasi'a:
democracy.
.
democra'tico:
democratic.
.
demostrar:
to demonstrate, to prove.
.
demostrasion:
demonstration, proof.
.
densida':
density; DE POCA ~ (not dense) thin.
.
denso:
dense.
.
dente:
tooth.
.
dentro:
(adv) (on the inside) inside; ~ DE (prep) (on the inside of) inside, within.
.
depender (de):
to depend (on).
.
depo'is:
(adv) after, afterwards, later; (prep) after, since; ~ CE (conj) after, since.
.
depositar:
to store; to keep, to put away; to deposit.
.
depo'sito:
storage area.
.
dereta:
(n) (not left) right; A ~ (adv) (not to the left) to the right.
.
deretista:
(right-wing) rightist.
.
dereto:
(adj) (not left) right.
.
deriva:
drifting; ANDAR A LA ~ to drift.
.
derrocar:
(v) to overthrow.
.
des-:
prefix for undoing.
.
desactivado:
switched off, turned off, off; deactivated.
.
desactivar:
to switch off, to turn off; to deactivate.
.
descartar:
to throw away, to discard.
.
desconectar:
to disconnect.
.
desconosido:
(adj) unfamiliar; PERSONA DESCONOSIDA stranger.
.
descripsion:
description.
.
descriver:
to describe.
.
descubrer:
to discover, to find; to detect.
.
descubrido:
(thing discovered) discovery.
.
descubrita:
(action) discovery.
.
desdeniar:
(v) to scorn.
.
desdenio:
(n) scorn, contempt, disdain.
.
desencorajar:
(v) to discourage.
.
desendente:
descendant; offspring.
.
desender:
to climb down, to get down, to descend, to go down.
.
deserto:
(n) desert.
.
desfaser:
(v) to undo.
.
desfilar:
(v) to parade.
.
desfilata:
(n) parade.
.
desibel:
decibel.
.
desider:
to decide.
.
desifrar:
to decrypt.
.
desirar:
to desire, to wish (for); ~ CON CONCUPISENSA to lust (after).
.
desirata:
(n) desire, wish.
.
desision:
decision.
.
desocupado:
unemployed; unoccupied.
.
desocupasion:
unemployment.
.
deso'rden:
disorder.
.
desordenado:
(adj) disorderly.
.
despelar:
to skin.
.
desplaser:
to displease.
.
despolvar:
to dust, to remove dust from.
.
desrugadora:
(n) (for clothing) iron.
.
desrugar:
(to unwrinkle clothing) to iron.
.
destaponar:
to unplug.
.
destinasion:
destination.
.
destino:
destiny; fate.
.
destitu'e:
See:
destituer.
.
destituer {irregular present and imperative tenses:
destitu'e}:
(to dismiss from a job) to fire.
.
destitusion:
(n) (dismissal from a job) firing.
.
destrucsion:
destruction.
.
destru'e:
See:
destruer.
.
destruer {irregular present and imperative tenses:
destru'e}:
to destroy; to ruin.
.
desvester (se):
to undress.
.
detaie:
(n) retail.
.
detective:
detective.
.
detener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
detiene}:
to detain; to arrest, to hold (in place).
.
deteriorar (se):
to wear off, to wear out, to wear, to deteriorate.
.
detiene:
See:
detener.
.
detra's:
(adv) (position) behind; ~ DE (prep) behind.
.
detrimentado:
damaged, harmed.
.
detrimentar:
to harm, to damage, to hurt.
.
detrimento:
(n) damage, harm.
.
devante:
(adv) in front; (prep) in front of.
.
devedor:
debtor.
.
devener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
deviene}:
to become, to get.
.
dever:
to have to, must, ought (to); (n) duty.
.
de'vida:
debt.
.
deviene:
See:
devener.
.
di:
(prep) from {See:
de}.
.
di'a:
(24 hours) day; ~ DE FESTA holiday, day of celebration.
.
diabete:
diabetes.
.
diabe'tico:
diabetic.
.
diagnosticar:
to diagnose.
.
diagno'stico:
diagnosis; diagnostic.
.
diagonal:
diagonal.
.
diajunar:
(v) to fast.
.
diajuno:
(n) fast.
.
diario:
(adj) daily.
.
diarrea:
diarrhea.
.
dicsionario:
dictionary; ~ DE SINO'NIMOS thesaurus.
.
dictador:
dictator.
.
dies:
ten.
.
diese'simo:
(ordinal) tenth.
.
diesieme:
(fraction) tenth.
.
dieta:
(n) diet; SER A ~ to be on a diet.
.
difamar:
to slander.
.
difamasion:
(n) slander.
.
diferente:
different.
.
diferer:
to differ; to vary.
.
difi'sil:
hard, difficult.
.
difisilmente:
with difficulty.
.
digno:
deserving, worthy; ~ DE CONFIDANSA trustworthy, responsible; SER ~ DE to deserve, to merit, to be worthy of.
.
dinero:
money; ~ REAL cash.
.
dinosauro:
dinosaur.
.
dio:
god; DIO God.
.
diosa:
goddess.
.
diploma:
diploma; degree.
.
diplomasi'a:
diplomacy; FUNSIONARIO DE ~ diplomat.
.
diploma'tico:
diplomatic.
.
direcsion:
direction; EN LA ~ DE toward; CAMINO DE UNA ~ one-way street; VIAJE DE UNA ~ one-way trip.
.
directamente:
(adv) straight; ~ ADEVANTE straight ahead.
.
directo:
(adj) direct.
.
director:
manager; director.
.
directorio:
directory.
.
dirijer:
to administer, to manage; to direct.
.
disco:
disc, disk; (circular control) dial.
.
discriminar:
(to treat in a prejudiced way) to discriminate; ~ CONTRA to discriminate against.
.
discriminasion:
(prejudiced treatment) discrimination.
.
discurso:
(to an audience) speech.
.
discusion:
(dispute) argument.
.
discuter:
to argue about, to dispute.
.
disembre:
December.
.
diseniar:
to draw; to design.
.
disenio:
(n) design; drawing.
.
diser:
to say, to tell {something}; ~ UN GRASEJO to joke, to jest; ~ UN RACONTO to tell a story; ELI DISIO' UN RACONTO A ME He told me a story.
.
disipar:
to waste.
.
disipasion:
(n) waste.
.
disolver (se):
to dissolve; to melt.
.
disparar:
(to discharge a gun) to fire; ~ CONTRA to shoot at, to fire at.
.
disparo:
(n) (from weapon) shot.
.
dispersar (se):
(v) to scatter; to disperse.
.
disponer:
to arrange.
.
disponible:
arrangeable; available.
.
disponido:
arranged, prepared, in order.
.
disposision:
arrangement.
.
disputa:
(n) quarrel.
.
disputar:
to quarrel.
.
distansa:
distance.
.
distante:
(adj) far, distant; MAS ~ (adj) farther.
.
distinger:
to distinguish, to discriminate; IO NO PODE ~ I can't tell, I can't distinguish.
.
distinsion:
distinction.
.
distribuer {present and imperative tenses:
distribu'e}:
to distribute, to deliver.
.
distribusion:
distribution, delivery; ~ SPESIAL special delivery.
.
diversion:
amusement, fun.
.
diversos:
several.
.
diverter:
to amuse; ~ SE to have fun.
.
divider:
to divide, to part.
.
division:
division.
.
divorsiado:
divorced.
.
divorsiar:
to divorce.
.
divorsio:
(n) divorce.
.
doctor:
doctor.
.
documento:
document; ~ DE PROPRIEDA' (document of ownership) deed.
.
doler:
to ache, to hurt; MIO PIE ME DOLE My foot hurts.
.
dolor:
(n) pain.
.
dome'stico:
domestic.
.
dominar:
to dominate; to boss.
.
domingo:
Sunday.
.
domisilio:
(n) home.
.
donar:
to donate, to give as a gift.
.
donasion:
(n) gift, present.
.
donde:
where; A ~ to where; DI ~ from where.
.
donse:
(conj) so, then, therefore.
.
dormer:
to sleep; ~ LA SIESTA to nap.
.
dorso:
(n) back, rear.
.
dos:
two.
.
dose'simo:
(ordinal) second.
.
dosieme:
(n) (fraction) half.
.
dragon:
(mythical serpent) dragon.
.
drenadora:
(n) drain.
.
drenar:
to drain.
.
droga:
drug.
.
drogar:
to drug.
.
drogeri'a:
drugstore, pharmacy.
.
duana:
custom-house.
.
dubiar:
to doubt.
.
dubio:
(n) doubt.
.
dujadora:
(n) (device) shower.
.
dujar (se):
to shower.
.
dujata:
(n) (action) shower.
.
dulse:
(adj) sweet; (n) dessert.
.
dulses:
(n) sweets, desserts.
.
durante:
during; ~ CE (conj) while; ~ TODO(S) (timewise) throughout.
.
durar:
(v) to last.
.
durasion:
duration.
.
duro:
firm, hard.
.

E

-e:
(-er verb) suffix for present tense; (-er verb) suffix for imperative.
.
e:
(conj) and {This may be used when it's preceded or followed by an i}.
.
e:
(letter) e.
.
ebrio:
(adj) drunk; DEVENER ~ to get drunk.
.
ecilibrar (se):
to balance.
.
ecilibrio:
(n) (equilibrium) balance.
.
eclipse:
(n) eclipse.
.
ecoloji'a:
ecology.
.
economi'a:
economy.
.
econo'mico:
inexpensive, cheap.
.
ecran:
(for viewing) screen.
.
ecsame:
(test) examination, exam.
.
ecsaminar:
to examine, to check, to inspect.
.
ecsaminasion:
inspection, examination, check, check-up.
.
ecse:
(letter) x.
.
ecse-:
(prefix meaning former) ex-.
.
ecsedente:
surplus.
.
ecselente:
excellent.
.
ecsepsion:
exception.
.
ecsijensa:
(n) demand; requirement.
.
ecsijer:
to demand; to require.
.
ecsiliar:
to exile.
.
ecsilio:
(n) exile.
.
ecsistensa:
existence.
.
ecsister:
to exist; CE AVE ECSISTIDO (that has ever existed) ever.
.
ectar:
hectare.
.
eda':
age; DE LA ~ DE TRENTA ANIOS thirty years old.
.
-edero:
(-er verb) suffix for a place for the action of the verb.
.
edifisio:
(edifice, place) building.
.
edision:
(n) edition, issue.
.
-edor:
(-er verb) suffix for habitual or professional doer.
.
-edora:
(-er verb) suffix for instrument, device, or tool.
.
educar:
to educate.
.
educasion:
education.
.
eficase:
efficient.
.
egoi'smo:
selfishness.
.
egoi'sta:
selfish.
.
ejersisio:
(n) exercise; practice; FASER ~ to exercise; FASER EJERSISIOS (DE) to rehearse, to practice.
.
eje'rsito:
army.
.
Ejipto:
Egypt.
.
-el-:
suffix for juvenile creature.
.
el {or la}:
(singular) the.
.
ela:
she.
.
ela'stico:
(adj) elastic.
.
elecsion:
election.
.
ele'ctrico:
electric.
.
electrisida':
electricity.
.
electrodome'stico:
household appliance.
.
electro'nico:
electronic.
.
elegante:
elegant.
.
elejer:
to elect.
.
elemento:
element.
.
eles:
they.
.
elevar:
to lift, to raise; ~ SE to get up, to arise; ~ SE A PIE to stand up.
.
elevata:
(n) rise; raising.
.
eli:
he.
.
elico'ptero:
helicopter.
.
eliminar:
to eliminate; to delete.
.
elio:
helium.
.
Elios:
(Earth's sun) the sun, Sol.
.
e'lise:
propeller; screw; helix.
.
elo:
(subject pronoun) it.
.
elojar:
to praise.
.
elojo:
(n) praise.
.
embarasar:
to embarrass.
.
embaraso:
embarrassment.
.
embarasoso:
embarrassing, awkward.
.
embarcadero:
(n) dock.
.
embarcar:
(v) to load onto a ship or boat; ~ SE to embark.
.
embroliar:
(v) to tangle.
.
embrolio:
(n) tangle.
.
emenda:
(a piece used to repair a flaw) patch.
.
emendar:
to patch.
.
emigrar:
(v) to emigrate.
.
emision:
emission; ~ DE GAS (gas emitted) exhaust.
.
emiter:
to emit; to transmit.
.
empacetar:
to wrap; to pack.
.
empeniar:
to pawn.
.
empleado:
employee; ~ DE BURO' office clerk, office employee.
.
emplear:
to employ; COMENSAR A ~ to hire, to begin to employ.
.
empleo:
employment; job.
.
emportar:
(to bring into a country) to import.
.
emprisonado:
prisoner.
.
emprisonar:
to jail, to imprison.
.
en:
(prep) (location) at, in, on; (entering) into.
.
enamorada:
(female sweetheart) girlfriend; (adj) in love, enamored.
.
enamorado:
(male sweetheart) boyfriend; (adj) in love, enamored.
.
enamorar se:
to fall in love.
.
encontrar:
to meet, to encounter; IO LI ENCONTRO' PRIMERO EN LA LIBRERI'A I first met him at the bookstore.
.
encorajamento:
encouragement.
.
encorajar:
to encourage.
.
endereso:
address.
.
-endo:
(-er verb) suffix for present participle.
.
enemigo:
enemy.
.
enerji'a:
energy.
.
ene'rjico:
energetic, vigorous.
.
e'nfase:
emphasis; DAR ~ A to emphasize.
.
enfa'tico:
emphatic.
.
enfermar se:
to become ill, to get sick.
.
enfermero:
(n) nurse.
.
enfermida':
disease, illness, sickness.
.
enfermo:
(adj) ill, sick; (n) sick person; patient.
.
enganador:
(n) cheater.
.
enganar:
to cheat, to deceive; to trick.
.
engano:
deception; trick.
.
engluter:
to swallow.
.
engranaje:
(toothed wheel) gear.
.
enigma:
(n) riddle, enigma.
.
enrolar:
to roll up; to wind (up).
.
-ensa:
(-er verb) suffix for abstract idea (formed from verb).
.
ensalada:
salad.
.
ensaladero:
salad bowl.
.
enseniador:
teacher.
.
enseniar:
to teach.
.
ensinto:
pregnant.
.
-ente:
(-er verb) suffix for active adjective from verb.
.
ente:
being; ~ UMANO human being.
.
entero:
(adj) entire, whole.
.
enterrar:
to bury.
.
entorno:
(adv) around, about; ~ DE (prep) around, about.
.
entradero:
(place) entrance.
.
entrar:
to enter; ~ EN to enter into, to come into.
.
entrata:
(action) entrance.
.
entre:
among; between.
.
entrenador:
(n) coach.
.
entrenamento:
training.
.
entrenar:
(tr) to coach, to train.
.
entrevista:
(n) interview.
.
entrevistar:
to interview.
.
entusiasmo:
enthusiasm.
.
entusia'stico:
enthusiastic.
.
envelope:
envelope.
.
enve's:
(adv) instead; ~ DE (prep) instead of.
.
envi'a:
See:
enviar.
.
enviar {present and imperative tenses:
envi'a}:
to send; (in the mail) to mail, to post.
.
envidia:
envy.
.
envidiar:
to envy, to be jealous of.
.
envidioso:
(envious) jealous.
.
-er:
(-er verb) suffix for infinitive.
.
-era:
suffix for tree or plant (based on fruit or vegetable).
.
-era':
(-er verb) suffix for future tense.
.
era:
See:
ser.
.
erba:
grass.
.
erbaje:
lawn.
.
-eri'a:
(-er verb) suffix for conditional; suffix for store (based on merchandise).
.
ermane:
sibling.
.
erme'tico:
(hermetically sealed) tight.
.
-ero:
suffix for container.
.
eroe:
hero.
.
eroi'n:
(female hero) heroine.
.
eroi'na:
(drug) heroin.
.
error:
mistake, error; COMETER UN ~ to make a mistake.
.
-es:
(after consonant) suffix for plural.
.
es:
See:
ser.
.
esactamente:
exactly.
.
esacto:
exact, accurate, precise.
.
escaladora:
escalator.
.
escapar (di):
to get away (from), to escape; to leak (from).
.
escapata:
(n) escape; leaking.
.
escavar:
to dig.
.
escavasion:
(n) excavation; ~ MINERAL (area of mineral digging) mine.
.
escluder:
to exclude.
.
escorredora:
(n) (device or toy for sliding) slide; chute.
.
escorrer:
(tr) to glide, to slide; to slip; ~ SE to glide; to slide; to slip; ~ SE EN EL ARE (through the air) to glide; ~ SE I CADER to slip and fall.
.
escorrita:
(n) slip.
.
escremento:
excrement, feces.
.
escursion:
(n) tour; FASER UNA ~ (ATRAVE'S) to tour (through).
.
escusa:
apology.
.
escusar se:
to apologize.
.
escutadora de espionaje:
(surveillance listening device) bug.
.
escutar:
to listen (to).
.
-ese:
suffix for language (usually based on nation, area, or culture).
.
esemplo:
example.
.
esforso:
effort.
.
-e'simo:
suffix for ordinal numbers.
.
esitar:
to hesitate.
.
esitasion:
hesitation.
.
eso {alternatively esa}:
(demonstrative) that; that one.
.
esos {alternatively esas}:
those.
.
Espania:
Spain.
.
espaniano:
Spanish; Spaniard.
.
espaniese:
(language) Spanish.
.
espectar:
(to think that someone or something will come) to expect; ~ CE (to think that something will happen) to expect (that).
.
espectativa:
expectation.
.
espediente:
(n) means.
.
espender:
to expend, to spend, to use up.
.
espensa:
expense.
.
esperar:
to wait (for).
.
esperata:
(n) wait.
.
esperiensa:
(n) experience.
.
esperimentar:
(tr) to experience; (intr) to experiment.
.
esperimento:
(n) experiment.
.
esperto:
(adj) experienced; expert; (n) expert.
.
espina:
thorn.
.
espion:
(n) spy.
.
espionaje:
(n) espionage, spying.
.
espionar:
to spy (on).
.
esplicar:
to explain, to account for.
.
esplicasion:
explanation.
.
esploder:
to explode.
.
esplorar:
to explore.
.
esplorasion:
exploration.
.
esplosion:
explosion.
.
esplosivo:
explosive.
.
esportar:
(to send out of the country) to export.
.
esposision:
exhibition, exposition, show.
.
espresar:
to express.
.
espresion:
expression.
.
espulsar:
(v) to expel; to oust.
.
estante:
shelf.
.
estender (se):
to expand; to spread; to stretch.
.
estension:
(n) extent, degree; stretch; expansion.
.
esterior:
(adj) outside, outer, external; (n) outside, exterior.
.
estima:
(n) esteem.
.
estimar:
to esteem.
.
estingedora:
(fire) extinguisher.
.
estinger:
to extinguish.
.
estivo:
summer.
.
esto {alternatively esta}:
(demonstrative) this; this one.
.
estos {alternatively estas}:
these.
.
estranio:
strange; odd.
.
estranjero:
foreign; PERSONA ESTRANJERA foreigner.
.
estraterrano:
extraterrestrial.
.
estrovertido:
extrovert.
.
esveliado:
(adj) awake.
.
esveliar:
(tr) to wake {someone} (up); to arouse; ~ SE (intr) to wake (up), to awake.
.
-et-:
suffix for diminutive.
.
etapa:
(n) (part of process) stage.
.
eterosecsual:
heterosexual.
.
eticeta:
label; ~ ADERENTE sticker.
.
etse'tera:
et cetera.
.
Europa:
Europe.
.
europano:
European.
.
-eva:
(-er verb) suffix for imperfect tense.
.
evacu'a:
See:
evacuar.
.
evacuar {irregular present and imperative tenses:
evacu'a}:
to empty; to evacuate.
.
evaporar (se):
to evaporate.
.
evidensa:
evidence, proof.
.
evidente:
obvious.
.
evitar:
to avoid.
.

F

fa'brica:
(workplace) factory; plant; ~ DE MONEDAS (coin factory) mint.
.
fabricar:
to manufacture; to fabricate.
.
fabricasion:
(n) manufacturing; fabrication.
.
factual:
factual.
.
factualida':
fact.
.
factura:
(n) (invoice) bill.
.
facturar:
(to send an invoice to) to bill.
.
faia:
(geological) fault.
.
faja:
(band) strip; ~ ELA'STICA rubber band.
.
falda:
(n) skirt.
.
falsificar:
to falsify.
.
falso:
(adj) fake; false; mock.
.
falta:
(n) lack.
.
faltar:
to be missing, to be lacking.
.
fama:
fame.
.
fame:
hunger; TENER ~ to be hungry, to hunger.
.
famente:
hungry.
.
familia:
family.
.
famoso:
famous.
.
fana'tico:
(n) fanatic; (adj) fanatical.
.
fango:
mud.
.
fantasma:
ghost.
.
farina:
flour.
.
farmasi'a:
drugstore, pharmacy.
.
fas:
(adv) ago, in the past {followed by amount of time}; ~ TRES SEMANAS three weeks ago.
.
fasa:
(front of head) face.
.
fase:
(v) make, makes; do, does; (n) phase.
.
faser:
to make; to do; ~ {alguna persona o cosa} DEVENER {sustantivo o ajetivo} to make {someone or something} {followed by a noun or adjective}.
.
fa'sil:
easy.
.
fastidiar:
(to be tedious) to bore.
.
fastidio:
boredom.
.
fastidioso:
(adj) (tedious) boring, dull.
.
fatal:
fatal.
.
fatiga:
fatigue, tiredness.
.
fatigado:
(adj) tired, weary.
.
fatigar (se):
to tire.
.
favas:
beans.
.
favor:
(n) favor.
.
favoreser:
to favor.
.
favorito:
favorite.
.
fe:
f.
.
febre:
fever.
.
febrero:
February.
.
febroso:
feverish.
.
fede:
faith.
.
fedel:
faithful.
.
federal:
federal.
.
felise:
happy; SER ~ (DE CE) to be glad (that); SER ~ DE {faser una cosa} to be glad to {do something}.
.
fe'mina:
woman.
.
feminino:
female; feminine.
.
fendedura:
(n) crack.
.
fender (se):
to crack, to split.
.
feno:
hay.
.
ferer:
to wound, to injure; ~ CON UNA BALA to hit with a bullet, to shoot.
.
ferias:
(time off from work) (plural) vacation.
.
ferido:
(adj) wounded.
.
ferro:
(metal) iron.
.
ferrovi'a:
(n) railroad.
.
ferroviario:
(adj) railroad.
.
fe'rtil:
fertil.
.
festa:
(festive) party.
.
fetidida':
(n) stink.
.
fe'tido:
stinky, smelly; SER ~ to stink.
.
feto:
fetus.
.
fianse':
(masculine) fianc繠(feminine) fianc裻 (adj) (betrothed) engaged.
.
ficsion:
fiction.
.
fictisio:
fictional; ficticious.
.
figura:
(n) figure.
.
figurar:
to figure.
.
figurina:
doll; figurine.
.
fija:
(n) (part of a file) record.
.
fijero:
(n) (data, etc.) file.
.
fila:
line, queue; row; FASER ~ (intr) to line up; PONER EN ~ (tr) to line {something or someone} up; SER EN ~ to stand in line, to stand on line, to be in line.
.
filia:
daughter; ~ DE ... FRATE niece; ~ DE ... SORA niece.
.
filie:
(son or daughter) immediate offspring.
.
filio:
son; ~ DE ... FRATE nephew; ~ DE ... SORA nephew.
.
filo:
(electric or metal) wire; (for cloth) thread.
.
fin:
(n) end, finish.
.
finansas:
finances; DE ~ financial.
.
finjer:
to pretend, to fake, to feign.
.
Finlandia:
Finland.
.
firma:
signature.
.
firmar:
(to make a signature on) to sign.
.
fi'sica:
(n) physics.
.
fisicista:
physicist.
.
fi'sico:
(adj) physical.
.
flanco:
(body part) side.
.
flauta:
(n) flute.
.
flecsible:
(adj) flexible.
.
fleja:
arrow.
.
flor:
flower.
.
flotar:
to float.
.
flu'e:
See:
fluer.
.
fluer {irregular present and imperative tenses:
flu'e}:
(intr) to flow, to pour, to spill; FASER ~ (to cause to flow) to pour; FASER ~ ACSIDENTALMENTE (tr) to spill (accidentally).
.
flu'ido:
fluid.
.
fluita:
(n) pouring; flow; ~ ACSIDENTAL (n) spill.
.
fluvio:
stream.
.
fogero:
fireplace.
.
fogo:
fire.
.
foia:
(of paper) sheet; (plant) leaf.
.
fonda:
(n) sling.
.
fondo:
bottom; (of a picture or stage) background.
.
fontana:
fountain.
.
fonte:
source; ~ DE AGUA (of water) spring.
.
football:
(U.S.) football.
.
fora:
(adv) (on the outside) outside; (adv) out (on the outside); ~ DE (prep) (on the outside of) outside (of), out of.
.
forca:
fork.
.
foresta:
(place) woods; forest.
.
forma:
(n) form; shape.
.
formal:
formal.
.
formar:
to form; to shape.
.
formiga:
ant.
.
fo'rmula:
formula.
.
formulario:
(n) form, blank; ~ DE SOLISITASION order form.
.
forno:
oven, stove; furnace.
.
forsa:
(force) power; ~ AERIA air force.
.
forsar:
(v) to force.
.
fortalesa:
fort.
.
forte:
strong, powerful.
.
fortida':
strength; ~ DE SON (of sound) volume.
.
fortuna:
luck; chance.
.
fortunadamente:
fortunately; luckily.
.
fortunado:
fortunate; lucky.
.
fo'sforo:
(fire-stick) match.
.
foso:
hole in the ground, ditch; pit.
.
foto:
photo, photograph.
.
fotografi'a:
(n) photo, photograph; (v) See:
fotografiar.
.
fotografiar {irregular present and imperative tenses:
fotografi'a}:
to photograph.
.
fra'jil:
fragile.
.
Fransia:
France.
.
fransiano:
French; French person.
.
fransiese:
(language) French.
.
frase:
(of words) sentence.
.
frate:
brother.
.
frecuensa:
(oftenness) frequency.
.
frecuensia:
(radio) frequency.
.
frecuente:
frequent.
.
frecuentemente:
(adv) frequently, often.
.
frente:
front; EN ~ (adv) in front; EN ~ DE (prep) in front of.
.
fresco:
(new) fresh.
.
fricsionar:
to rub.
.
frideto:
(adj) cool.
.
frido:
(adj) cold; (n) (coldness) cold; SER ~ to be cold; TENER ~ to be cold.
.
frito:
(adj) fried; FASER ~ (v) to fry.
.
fronte:
forehead.
.
frontera:
border.
.
frugal:
(adj) thrifty.
.
frumento:
wheat.
.
fruta:
fruit.
.
fu:
See:
ser.
.
fuga:
(n) leak; TENER UNA ~ DE (tr) to leak.
.
fulgor:
(n) flash.
.
fulgorar:
to flash.
.
fumar:
to smoke.
.
fumo:
(n) smoke.
.
fundamento:
foundation; basis.
.
funeral:
funeral.
.
fungo:
fungus.
.
funsion:
(n) function; (theater) show, performance.
.
funsionar:
(intr) to function, to work, to perform.
.
funsionario:
(n) official; officer.
.
fusil:
(long-barreled) gun; rifle.
.
fusion:
fusion.
.
fu'tbol:
soccer, (not U.S. type) football.
.
futuro:
future.
.

G

galacsia:
galaxy.
.
galeri'a:
gallery.
.
galina:
hen.
.
galo:
rooster.
.
ganiar:
to win, to gain; to earn.
.
ganiata:
(n) win.
.
ganjo:
hook.
.
garafa:
(container) pitcher; jug; carafe.
.
garaje:
garage.
.
garanter:
(v) to guarantee.
.
garanti'a:
(n) guarantee.
.
garganta:
throat.
.
gas:
(gaseous substance) gas.
.
gaseta:
newspaper.
.
gasolina:
gasoline, petrol.
.
gato:
cat.
.
gaveta:
(for storage) drawer.
.
ge:
g.
.
gerra:
war; FASER LA ~ to wage war.
.
gida:
(book) guide.
.
gidador:
(n) (person) guide.
.
gidar:
to guide, to lead.
.
gitarra:
guitar.
.
gloria:
glory.
.
golfo:
(body of water) bay; gulf.
.
golpe:
(n) (blow of force) hit, blow, stroke; ~ DE PIE (n) kick.
.
gosar:
to enjoy, to like; {See:
plaser}.
.
gota:
(n) (liquid) drop.
.
gotar:
to drip.
.
governar:
to govern, to run, to rule, to control.
.
governasion:
(n) governing, control, rule.
.
governo:
government.
.
grado:
(of stairs) step; (of temperature or angle) degree.
.
gradual:
(adj) gradual.
.
gradualmente:
gradually.
.
gramadre:
grandmother.
.
grama'tica:
grammar.
.
gramo:
gram.
.
grampadre:
grandfather.
.
Gran Bretania:
Great Britain.
.
grande:
big, large.
.
grandida':
(largeness) size.
.
granfilia:
granddaughter.
.
granfilie:
grandchild.
.
granfilio:
grandson.
.
granjenitor:
grandparent.
.
grano:
(cereal crops) grain.
.
grapa:
(n) (fastener) staple.
.
grapar:
to staple.
.
grasa:
(n) fat; grease.
.
grasejo:
(n) joke.
.
grasia:
(n) grace.
.
grasias:
thank you; DISER ~ A to thank.
.
gratificar:
to tip.
.
gratificasion:
(n) (gratuity) tip.
.
gratis:
(adv) (without cost) free, freely.
.
gratitude:
gratitude.
.
gratitudoso:
grateful.
.
gratuito:
(adj) (without cost) free.
.
grave:
heavy.
.
gravida':
gravity; heaviness.
.
Gresia:
Greece.
.
greve:
(n) (union) strike; ANDAR EN ~ to go on strike; SER EN ~ to be on strike.
.
griliar:
(v) to grill.
.
gripe:
flu, influenza.
.
grise:
gray, grey.
.
gritar:
to shout, to yell, to holler.
.
grito:
(n) shout, yell.
.
gros:
(n) wholesale.
.
grosida':
thickness.
.
groso:
(wide) thick.
.
grupo:
group, bunch, party.
.
guajolote:
(bird) turkey.
.
guante:
glove.
.
guardador:
(n) guard.
.
guardar:
to guard.
.
gustar:
(tr) to taste.
.

I

i:
(conj) and {alternatively, e may be used when followed or preceded by an i}.
.
i:
(letter) i.
.
-ible:
(-er verb) suffix meaning able to receive action of verb.
.
-iblida':
(-er verb) suffix for ability to receive action of verb.
.
-ida':
suffix for abstract idea (formed from adjective).
.
idea:
idea; point.
.
ide'ntico:
very similar, identical, the same.
.
identificar:
to identify.
.
identificasion:
identification, I.D.
.
-ido:
(-er verb) suffix for past participle and corresponding adjective; (-er verb) suffix for receiver of action.
.
idro'jeno:
hydrogen.
.
ie:
(letter) y.
.
-ieme:
suffix for fractions.
.
igleja:
church.
.
igual:
equal.
.
ilegal:
illegal.
.
iluminar:
to illuminate, to light (up).
.
imaje:
picture.
.
imajinar:
to imagine.
.
imajinario:
imaginary.
.
imajinasion:
imagination.
.
imajinativo:
imaginative.
.
iman:
magnet.
.
imbesil:
(adj) foolish; (n) fool.
.
imediatamente:
immediately.
.
imediato:
immediate.
.
imitar:
to imitate.
.
imitasion:
(n) imitation.
.
imo'bil:
(adj) still, motionless, immobile.
.
imoral:
immoral.
.
impeder:
(to stop someone or something from moving) to stop, to impede.
.
impeler:
to push, to thrust; to impel, to drive.
.
impelita:
(n) push, thrust.
.
imperfecto:
imperfect.
.
impertinente:
impertinent, fresh.
.
implicar:
(v) to involve.
.
implicasion:
involvement.
.
importante:
important.
.
importar:
to matter; ESO NO IMPORTA A ME I don't care about that.
.
imposible:
impossible.
.
imposto:
tax.
.
imprimedor:
(person or company) printer.
.
imprimedora:
(machine) printer; printing press.
.
imprimer:
to print, to stamp.
.
impulso:
(n) urge.
.
imundisia:
piece of trash.
.
imundisias:
trash, garbage, waste.
.
imundisiero:
trash can; (for paper) waste-paper basket.
.
-in-:
suffix for affection.
.
incapasitado:
disabled.
.
incapasitar:
to disable.
.
inclinado:
inclined, sloped; MULTO ~ (adj) steep.
.
inclinar:
(tr) to tilt, to incline, to slant, to lean; ~ SE to bend down, to lean down, to bow down; ~ SE RAPIDAMENTE to duck.
.
includer:
to include.
.
inclusive:
(adv) (also) even; ~ SI even if.
.
incomodar:
to inconvenience, to hamper.
.
incomodida':
(n) inconvenience.
.
inco'modo:
inconvenient.
.
incorrectamente:
(adv) incorrectly, wrong.
.
incorrecto:
(adj) incorrect, wrong.
.
incursion:
(n) raid.
.
incursionar:
(v) to raid.
.
independensa:
independence.
.
independente:
independent.
.
India:
India.
.
indiano:
(from India) Indian.
.
indicadora:
indicator, dial.
.
indicar:
to indicate; to point (to).
.
indicativo:
indicative.
.
i'ndise:
index, table; chart.
.
indisio:
indication, sign.
.
individual:
individual.
.
indolente:
lazy.
.
Indonesia:
Indonesia.
.
indu':
Hindu.
.
industria:
industry.
.
industrial:
industrial.
.
infansa:
childhood.
.
infanta:
girl.
.
infante:
child, kid.
.
infanto:
boy.
.
infecsion:
infection.
.
infectar:
(v) to infect.
.
inferior:
(adj) lower.
.
inferno:
hell.
.
inflar:
(tr) to inflate; ~ SE (intr) to inflate; to swell.
.
inflasion:
inflation; swelling.
.
influ'e:
See:
influer.
.
influensa:
(n) influence.
.
influer {irregular present and imperative tenses:
influ'e}:
to influence.
.
informar:
to inform.
.
informasion:
information.
.
infrecuente:
infrequent, rare.
.
infrecuentemente:
(adv) seldom, rarely.
.
inglese:
(language) English.
.
injecsion:
injection.
.
injectar:
(v) to inject.
.
injenieri'a:
(n) engineering.
.
injeniero:
(n) engineer.
.
injustamente:
unfairly, wrong.
.
injustisia:
(n) injustice, unfairness, wrong, wrongdoing.
.
injusto:
unfair, wrong, unjust.
.
inondar:
to flood.
.
inondasion:
(n) flood.
.
inoportuno:
inopportune, untimely.
.
inosente:
innocent.
.
insecto:
(n) insect.
.
insendiadora:
(n) lighter.
.
insendiar:
to set on fire, to light.
.
insendio:
(n) (disaster) fire.
.
insinificante:
trivial, insignificant.
.
insinsero:
insincere.
.
insinu'a:
See:
insinuar.
.
insinuar {irregular present and imperative tenses:
insinu'a}:
to insinuate, to suggest.
.
insinuasion:
insinuation, suggestion.
.
insitar:
to prompt, to urge.
.
insultar:
to insult.
.
insulto:
(n) insult.
.
intelijensa:
intelligence.
.
intelijente:
intelligent.
.
intension:
(n) purpose, aim, intent, intention, plan; TENER LA ~ DE {followed by infinitive} to intend to, to plan to.
.
intensional:
intentional.
.
intensionalmente:
intentionally, on purpose.
.
intere's:
(bank or loan) interest.
.
interesante:
interesting.
.
interesar:
to interest.
.
interese:
concern, interest.
.
interesensa:
(n) (share of ownership) interest.
.
interferensa:
interference.
.
interferer:
to interfere.
.
interior:
(adj) inside; inner; internal; (n) inside; interior.
.
internasional:
international.
.
Interrede:
Internet.
.
interrogar:
to question {someone}, to ask {someone}.
.
interrogata:
(n) question; FASER UNA ~ to ask a question.
.
interromper:
to interrupt.
.
interrupsion:
interruption.
.
interruptor:
(n) (control) switch.
.
intersecsion:
intersection; crossroads.
.
intervalo:
interval.
.
intervener:
(v) to intervene.
.
intervension:
intervention.
.
intestino:
intestine.
.
intestinos:
intestines.
.
intimidar:
to scare, to intimidate.
.
i'ntimo:
(adj) intimate.
.
intocsicar:
to poison.
.
intriga:
(n) (theatrical) plot.
.
introvertido:
introvert; introverted.
.
inu'til:
useless.
.
inutilmente:
in vain, uselessly.
.
invader:
(v) to invade.
.
invasion:
invasion.
.
invension:
invention.
.
inventar:
to invent.
.
inverno:
winter.
.
inverter:
to turn upside-down, to invert.
.
invertido:
upside-down, inverted.
.
invester:
to invest.
.
investigar:
to investigate; to research.
.
investigasion:
(n) investigation; research.
.
investimento:
investment.
.
invisible:
invisible.
.
invitado:
guest.
.
invitar:
to invite.
.
invitasion:
invitation.
.
-io':
(-er verb) suffix for preterit.
.
io:
(pronoun) I.
.
iogur:
yogurt.
.
ipoteca:
(n) mortgage.
.
ipotecar:
to mortgage.
.
Irac:
Iraq.
.
Iran:
Iran.
.
i'rise:
(of eye) iris.
.
Irlanda:
Ireland.
.
ironi'a:
irony.
.
iro'nico:
ironic.
.
irregular:
irregular.
.
-isar:
suffix for to make (formed from adjective).
.
-i'sim-:
suffix for superlative (like -est or most).
.
isla:
island.
.
-ismo:
suffix for -ism.
.
isolado:
lonely; SENTER SE ~ to feel lonely.
.
Israel:
Israel.
.
-ista:
suffix for -ist.
.
istoria:
history.
.
istrucsiones:
instructions.
.
istrumento:
tool; ISTRUMENTOS tools, equipment.
.
-ita:
(-er verb) suffix for an instance of the action of the verb.
.
Italia:
Italy.
.
italiano:
Italian.
.
italiese:
(language) Italian.
.
Iugoslavia:
Yugoslavia.
.
iulio:
July.
.

J

ja:
already, yet.
.
jaceta:
jacket, coat.
.
jama'is:
never.
.
jamine':
fireplace; hearth.
.
jamon:
ham.
.
jampinion:
mushroom.
.
jampu':
(n) shampoo; LAVAR EL PELO CON ~ to shampoo.
.
janero:
January.
.
japo':
hat.
.
Japon:
Japan.
.
jara:
jar.
.
jardin:
garden.
.
jarla:
(n) gossip, gossiping.
.
jarlador:
(person) gossip.
.
jarlar:
to gossip.
.
jaser se:
to lie down.
.
jasido:
(adj) lying (down); SER ~ to be lying (down).
.
jaula:
(n) cage.
.
je:
j.
.
jece:
(n) (bank) check.
.
jefe:
(n) (person in charge) chief, leader, head; ~ DE SCOLA (head of school) principal.
.
jeladora:
freezer.
.
jelar (se):
to freeze.
.
jelata:
(n) freeze.
.
jelatina:
gelatin.
.
jelato:
ice cream.
.
jelea:
(substance) jelly.
.
jelo:
ice.
.
jemelo:
twin.
.
jene:
gene.
.
jeneral:
general.
.
je'nero secsual:
sexual gender, sex.
.
jeneroso:
generous.
.
jene'tica:
(n) genetics.
.
jene'tico:
(adj) genetic.
.
jenio:
genius.
.
jenitor:
parent.
.
jenjiva:
(flesh near teeth) gum.
.
jente:
(used in singular) people.
.
jentilome:
gentleman.
.
jesticular:
to gesticulate.
.
jesto:
(n) gesture.
.
jicle:
(for chewing) gum.
.
jida':
city; town.
.
jigante:
huge; giant.
.
ji'jaros:
peas.
.
Jina:
China.
.
jinoco:
knee; PONER SE EN LOS JINOCOS to kneel.
.
jintoi'sta:
Shintoist.
.
jirar:
to rotate, to turn.
.
jiso:
(n) chalk.
.
jocolate:
chocolate.
.
jogar:
to play; (n) (playing) play.
.
jogata:
(action) play.
.
jogo:
(amusement) game.
.
joia:
jewel.
.
joias:
jewelry, jewels.
.
joieri'a:
jewelry store.
.
jornalismo:
journalism.
.
jornalista:
journalist, reporter.
.
jorno:
(daytime, daylight hours) day; ~ TARDE afternoon.
.
jovedi'a:
Thursday.
.
jo'ven:
young; young person.
.
joventude:
(opposite of old age) youth.
.
jubilar (se):
(v) (from work) to retire.
.
jubilasion:
(from work) retirement.
.
judeo:
Jewish.
.
judisiador:
(n) judge.
.
judisiar:
to judge.
.
judisio:
judgment; trial.
.
junio:
June.
.
juntamente:
together; ~ CON besides, together with.
.
Ju'piter:
Jupiter.
.
juramento:
oath.
.
jurar:
(v) (take oath) to swear.
.
juri':
jury.
.
justamente:
fairly, right.
.
justisia:
justice, doing right.
.
justo:
fair, right, just.
.

L

la:
(non-subject pronoun) her; (singular article) the; ~ UNA one o'clock.
.
labio:
lip.
.
laboratorio:
laboratory.
.
lado:
side; AL ~ DE next to, beside; AL OTRO ~ DE to the other side of, beyond; EN EL OTRO ~ DE on the other side of, beyond; DE ~ sideways.
.
ladron:
thief.
.
lago:
lake.
.
la'grima:
teardrop, tear.
.
lamber:
to lick.
.
lamentar:
to lament, to regret.
.
lamentasion:
(n) lamentation, regret.
.
la'mina:
(of metal, etc.) sheet.
.
lamineta par rasurar:
razorblade.
.
la'mpada:
lamp.
.
lampolia:
lightbulb.
.
lana:
wool.
.
lansa:
spear.
.
lansador:
(sports) pitcher.
.
lansamento:
(n) launch.
.
lansar:
to throw; to launch.
.
lansar se (abajo):
to dive.
.
lansata:
(n) throw.
.
la'pise:
pencil.
.
las:
(plural) the; (used to express the time of day) o'clock; ES ~ TRES It's three o'clock; A ~ CUATRO CON TRENTA (MINUTOS) at four thirty; ES LA UNA It's one o'clock.
.
la'ser:
(n) laser.
.
laserar:
to rip, to tear.
.
laserasion:
(n) rip, tear.
.
la'stima:
pity; CE ~! What a pity!
.
lata:
(n) can; PONER EN LATAS to put in cans, to can.
.
latitude:
latitude.
.
lavabo:
(n) (for washing) basin, sink.
.
lavadora:
washing machine.
.
lavar (se):
to wash; LAVAR EL PELO CON JAMPU' to shampoo.
.
lavata:
(n) washing.
.
lavatorio:
restroom, bathroom, lavatory.
.
le:
l.
.
leal:
(adj) loyal.
.
legal:
legal.
.
legume:
vegetable.
.
leie:
law; PROJETO DE ~ (legislative) bill.
.
lengua:
tongue.
.
lenio:
(substance) wood; ~ PAR FOGO firewood.
.
lenso:
bedsheet.
.
lentamente:
slowly.
.
lentes:
(spectacles) glasses; ~ DE CONTACTO contact lenses.
.
lento:
slow.
.
leon:
lion.
.
les:
them.
.
leser:
to read.
.
leson:
lesson.
.
lete:
milk.
.
le'tera:
(correspondence) letter, note.
.
leto:
bed.
.
letra:
(of alphabet) letter.
.
letuga:
lettuce.
.
leva:
lever; MOVER CON UNA ~ (to move with a lever) to pry, to prise.
.
li:
him.
.
liberal:
liberal.
.
liberta':
freedom, liberty.
.
librar:
to free, to release, to let loose; to loosen; ~ DE to rid of.
.
libre:
(adj) (available, or having liberty) free; loose.
.
libreri'a:
bookstore.
.
libro:
book.
.
licor:
liquor.
.
li'cuido:
liquid.
.
ligadura:
(n) link, tie.
.
ligar:
to tie, to bind, to link.
.
lijero:
(not heavy) light.
.
lima:
(fruit) lime.
.
limitar:
to limit.
.
li'mite:
(n) limit.
.
limon:
lemon.
.
limpiar:
to clean; to wipe.
.
limpio:
(adj) clean.
.
lingua:
language.
.
linia:
line; ~ AERIA airline.
.
lino:
linen.
.
lisensa:
(n) license, licence, permit.
.
liso:
(adj) smooth.
.
lista:
(n) list; ~ DE VOTANTES list of voters.
.
listar:
(to make a list) to list.
.
literatura:
literature.
.
litro:
liter.
.
lo:
(non-subject pronoun) it.
.
lobo:
wolf.
.
localida':
(locality) place.
.
locasion:
(n) rent, rental, lease.
.
locasionador:
landlord, lessor.
.
locasionar:
to rent out {something to someone}, to lease {something to someone}.
.
locatar:
to rent {something from someone}, to lease {something from someone}.
.
locatario:
renter, tenant, lessee.
.
loco:
wacky, crazy.
.
lo'jica:
logic.
.
lo'jico:
logical.
.
longida':
length.
.
longo:
(adj) long.
.
lonje:
(adv) far; ~ DE far from; MAS ~ (adv) farther.
.
lonjitude:
longitude.
.
loro:
(singular) their; of theirs; EL ~ theirs; ~ PROPRIO their own.
.
loros:
(plural) their; of theirs; LOS ~ theirs; ~ PROPRIOS their own.
.
los {or las}:
(plural) the.
.
losion:
lotion; ~ CONTRA EL SOL (lotion) sunscreen; ~ PAR BRONSAR SE suntan lotion.
.
loton:
brass.
.
lujo:
luxury.
.
lujoso:
luxurious.
.
Luna:
Earth's moon.
.
luna:
moon.
.
lunedi'a:
Monday.
.
luse:
(n) light.
.
luta:
(n) struggle.
.
lutar:
to struggle, to wrestle.
.
luto:
mourning; SER DE ~ to be in mourning.
.

M

ma:
(conj) but; ~ AL CONTRARIO but rather, but.
.
maceta:
(miniature representation) model.
.
ma'cina:
machine; ~ DE SCRIVER typewriter.
.
ma'csimo:
maximum; AL ~ at most.
.
madre:
mother.
.
madrina:
godmother.
.
maestro:
(art) master.
.
magasen:
department store, large store.
.
magasenete:
(n) shop, store.
.
magne'tico:
magnetic.
.
mago:
magician.
.
maio:
(month) May.
.
maior:
(adj) major.
.
maiorida':
majority; LA ~ (DE) the majority (of), most (of).
.
mai's:
(maize) corn.
.
maji'a:
(n) magic.
.
ma'jico:
(adj) magic.
.
mal:
(n) damage, harm; (adv) badly; FASER ~ A to harm, to damage, to hurt.
.
malaria:
malaria.
.
maldiser:
to curse (at), to damn.
.
maldision:
(n) curse.
.
maldito:
(adj) (cursed) damned.
.
male'volo:
(adj) malevolent, evil, mean.
.
malida':
(n) evil.
.
malo:
bad.
.
mama':
mom.
.
mami'fero:
mammal.
.
mandarinese:
(language) Mandarin.
.
mandi'bula:
jaw.
.
manejar:
to handle.
.
manera:
(manner) way; DE ALGUNA ~ somehow; DE CE ~ in what respect, in what way; DE NENGUNA ~ in no respect, (in) no way; DE TODAS MANERAS in every way.
.
maniana:
tomorrow.
.
manifestante:
protester; demonstrator.
.
manifestar se:
(politically) to demonstrate; ~ CONTRA to protest, to demonstrate against.
.
manifestasion:
(political) demonstration.
.
manjadero:
dining room.
.
manjar:
to eat.
.
manjata:
(time to eat) meal; ~ DE MATINA breakfast; ~ DE MEDIODI'A lunch; ~ DE NOTJE dinner; ~ EN EL CAMPO (n) picnic; ~ FORMAL DE NOTJE formal dinner.
.
mano:
hand; MOVER SE EN MANOS I JINOCOS (to move oneself on hands and knees) to crawl.
.
manubrio:
(hand control) handlebar.
.
mapa:
map.
.
mar:
ocean; sea.
.
maraveia:
(n) marvel, wonder.
.
maraveiar:
to amaze; ~ SE DE to marvel at, to be amazed by.
.
maraveioso:
amazing; wonderful.
.
marca:
(n) mark; brand, trademark.
.
marcar:
to mark.
.
marea:
tide.
.
maremoto:
tsunami, tidal wave.
.
mariguana:
marijuana.
.
marino:
(adj) marine.
.
marioneta:
puppet, marionette.
.
mariposa:
butterfly; moth.
.
marmita:
(food container) pot.
.
marso:
(month) March.
.
Marte:
Mars.
.
martedi'a:
Tuesday; ~ DE CARNAVAL Mardi Gras, Fat Tuesday.
.
martelar:
(v) to hammer.
.
martelo:
(n) hammer.
.
mas:
more; further; EL ~ the most; ~ CE EL RESTO (adv) most of all, most.
.
masa:
(physics) mass.
.
masaje:
(n) massage; DAR UN ~ A to massage.
.
masculino:
male; masculine.
.
masiso:
(not hollow) solid.
.
masticar:
to chew.
.
materia:
(physical) matter.
.
material:
equipment, gear, material; MATERIALES equipment, materials.
.
matina:
morning.
.
matrimonio:
(spousal relationship) marriage.
.
maturar:
(tr) to ripen, to make ripe; ~ SE (intr) to mature, to ripen, to become ripe.
.
maturo:
(adj) mature; ripe.
.
me:
(letter) m.
.
me:
me.
.
media:
media; ~ DE INFORMASION information media; ~ DE NOTISIAS news media, press.
.
mediano:
(adj) average; medium; TE'RMINO ~ (n) average; CALCULAR EL TE'RMINO ~ DE to find the average of.
.
medianotje:
midnight.
.
me'dico:
(medical) doctor.
.
medio:
(n) middle; (adv) half.
.
mediodi'a:
noon.
.
medisina:
medicine.
.
Me'jico:
Mexico.
.
melon:
melon.
.
membrana:
membrane, film.
.
membro:
member.
.
memoria:
memory; APRENDER DE ~ to memorize.
.
menasa:
threat.
.
menasar:
to threaten.
.
menos:
less; EL ~ the least.
.
mensionar:
(v) to mention.
.
menta:
(plant) mint.
.
mente:
mind.
.
-mente {change any final -o to -a before adding -mente}:
suffix for adverb.
.
menter:
(to bear false witness) to lie, to tell a lie.
.
mentita:
(n) (false witness) lie.
.
menu':
menu.
.
mercado:
market.
.
mercansi'a:
merchandise, stock.
.
mercoledi'a:
Wednesday.
.
Mercurio:
(planet) Mercury.
.
me'rito:
(n) merit.
.
mesa:
(furniture) table.
.
mescla:
(n) mix.
.
mesclar:
(tr) to mix; to stir; ~ SE CON to mix with.
.
mese:
month.
.
mesmo:
-self; EL ~ (the very same, singular) the same {precedes noun, if any}; IO ~ I myself; ELI ~ he himself.
.
mesmos:
-selves; LOS ~ (the very same, plural) the same {precedes noun, if any}; ELES ~ they themselves.
.
mestruar:
to menstruate.
.
mestruasion:
menstruation.
.
mesura:
(n) measure; size.
.
mesuradora:
(n) (tool) measure.
.
mesurar:
to measure; ~ LA TERRA (to measure land) to survey.
.
meta':
(n) (fraction) half.
.
metal:
(n) metal.
.
me'todo:
method.
.
metraiadora:
machine gun.
.
metro:
(unit of measurement) meter.
.
micro'fono:
microphone.
.
microscopio:
microscope.
.
miel:
honey.
.
mil:
thousand; ~ MILIONES (1.000.000.000) (European) one thousand million; (U.S.) one billion; ~ MILIONES DE (1.000.000.000) (European) one thousand million {followed by noun}; (U.S.) one billion {followed by noun}.
.
milenio:
millennium.
.
mile'simo:
(ordinal) thousandth.
.
milieme:
(fraction) thousandth.
.
milimetro:
millimeter.
.
milion:
million; UN ~ DE one million {followed by noun}; UN ~ DE MILIONES (1.000.000.000.000) (European) one billion; (U.S.) one trillion; UN ~ DE MILIONES DE (1.000.000.000.000) (European) one billion {followed by noun}; (U.S.) one trillion {followed by noun}.
.
milione'simo:
(ordinal) millionth.
.
milionieme:
(fraction) millionth.
.
militar:
(adj) military; LA MARINA ~ the navy.
.
militares:
(n) (plural) military.
.
mina:
(explosive) mine.
.
minadero:
(excavation) mine.
.
minador:
(in an excavation) miner.
.
minar:
(in an excavation) to mine.
.
mineral:
mineral.
.
mi'nimo:
minimum; AL ~ at least.
.
minor:
minor.
.
minorida':
minority.
.
minuto:
(n) (time) minute.
.
mio {stressed on the i}:
(singular) my; of mine; EL ~ (possessive) mine.
.
mios {stressed on the i}:
(plural) my; of mine; LOS ~ (possessive) mine.
.
mirar:
to look (at), to watch.
.
mirata:
(n) (act of looking) look.
.
misa:
(religion) mass.
.
miselanio:
miscellaneous.
.
misericordia:
(n) pity; TENER ~ DE to pity.
.
misil:
missile.
.
mision:
mission.
.
misterio:
mystery.
.
misterioso:
mysterious.
.
moble:
piece of furniture.
.
mobles:
furniture.
.
moda:
(n) fashion; FORA DE ~ old-fashioned.
.
modelo:
fashion model.
.
moderado:
moderate.
.
moderasion:
moderation.
.
moderno:
modern.
.
modesto:
(adj) modest; humble.
.
modificar:
to modify.
.
moladora:
(n) (machine) mill.
.
molar:
to grind.
.
mole'cula:
molecule.
.
molestar:
to bother, to disturb.
.
molestia:
(n) bother; disturbance.
.
molusco:
mollusk.
.
momento:
moment; UN ~ one moment, just a moment; EN ALGUNO ~ at some time; EN CUALCE ~ anytime, at any time; EN EL ~ DEPO'IS CE (conj) as soon as; EN ESO ~ at that moment, then.
.
monarca:
(ruler) monarch.
.
monarci'a:
monarchy.
.
moneda:
coin.
.
Mongolia:
Mongolia.
.
monitor:
(n) monitor.
.
montania:
mountain.
.
montar:
to ride.
.
montata:
(n) ride.
.
monte:
mountain; hill.
.
montete:
hill.
.
moral:
(adj) moral.
.
moralida':
(n) morality; morals.
.
morder:
to bite.
.
mordita:
(n) bite.
.
morer:
to die; FASER ~ (to cause to die) to kill; ~ POR FAME (intr) to starve to death.
.
morte:
death.
.
mortiero:
(n) (for bricks) mortar.
.
morto:
dead.
.
mosca:
(insect) fly.
.
moscito:
mosquito.
.
mostajo:
moustache.
.
mostarda:
mustard.
.
mostradora:
(in a store or kitchen) counter.
.
mostrar:
to show.
.
mostro:
monster.
.
motivo:
(n) motive, reason; POR ALGUNO ~ for some reason.
.
motor:
motor.
.
motosicleta:
motorcycle.
.
mover (se):
to move, to shift; ~ SE DE RESIDENSA (A) (to change residence) to move (to), to settle (in).
.
movimento:
(n) move; movement.
.
movita:
movement.
.
muco:
mucus.
.
multa:
(n) (monetary punishment) fine; (adj) much, a lot of.
.
multar:
to fine.
.
multiplicar:
(math) to multiply; ~ SE (to produce offspring) to multiply.
.
multiplicasion:
multiplication.
.
multitude:
(n) crowd.
.
multo:
(adv) very; (adj) much, a lot of.
.
multos:
many, a lot of.
.
mundial:
(adj) world.
.
mundo:
(n) world.
.
muro:
(outside) wall.
.
mu'sculo:
muscle.
.
mu'sica:
music.
.
musical:
musical.
.
mu'sico:
musician.
.
musulmano:
Muslim.
.

N

nada:
nothing.
.
na'digas:
(plural) buttocks, posterior.
.
naser:
to be born; FASER {someone or something} ~ to give birth to.
.
nasion:
nation.
.
nasional:
national.
.
nasita:
birth.
.
naso:
nose.
.
natar:
to swim.
.
Nativida':
Christmas; LA VIJILIA DE ~ Christmas Eve.
.
natura:
nature.
.
natural:
natural.
.
naturalmente:
of course.
.
nausia:
nausea; TENER ~ to be nauseous, to be nauseated.
.
nausiado:
(feeling nausea) nauseous.
.
nausiante:
(causing nausea) revolting.
.
nausiar:
to nauseate.
.
nave:
(n) ship; ~ SPASIAL spaceship.
.
navigar:
to sail, to navigate.
.
ne:
n.
.
negar:
(to contradict) to deny.
.
negativo:
(adj) negative.
.
neglijensa:
(n) neglect; negligence.
.
neglijente:
negligent; neglectful.
.
neglijer:
to neglect.
.
negosiar:
(v) to negociate.
.
negosiasion:
negociation.
.
negro:
black.
.
nenguno:
none; (before noun) no.
.
Neptuno:
Neptune.
.
nervo:
(bodily tissue) nerve.
.
nervoso:
nervous.
.
nesesario:
necessary.
.
nesesida':
(n) need.
.
nesesitar:
to need.
.
neuma'tico:
(n) tire, tyre.
.
neutral:
neutral.
.
neutro:
(adj) neuter; FASER ~ to neuter.
.
nevar:
to snow.
.
neve:
(n) snow.
.
ni:
neither; nor.
.
nido:
nest.
.
nitro'jeno:
nitrogen.
.
nivel:
(n) level; floor, story, storey.
.
nivelado:
(adj) level, even.
.
no:
(adv) not; (opposite of yes) no.
.
noble:
noble.
.
nodo:
knot, bow.
.
no'made:
nomad; nomadic.
.
nome:
name.
.
nominasion:
(giving of a position) appointment.
.
nonostante:
(prep) despite, in spite of.
.
Nortame'rica:
North America.
.
norte:
north; DEL ~ northern.
.
Norvega:
Norway.
.
nose:
(food) nut.
.
nota:
(grade) mark; (musical) note.
.
notisias:
news.
.
notje:
night; ESTA ~ tonight; AIERI EN LA ~ last night.
.
nove:
nine.
.
novembre:
November.
.
noventa:
ninety.
.
novente'simo:
(ordinal) ninetieth.
.
noventieme:
(fraction) ninetieth.
.
nove'simo:
(ordinal) ninth.
.
novieme:
(fraction) ninth.
.
novo:
new; DE ~ (all over) again.
.
nuclear:
nuclear.
.
nudo:
nude, naked.
.
nu'mero:
number; ~ UNO (ordinal number) first.
.
nus:
we; us.
.
nustro:
(singular) our; of ours; EL ~ ours.
.
nustros:
(plural) our; of ours; LOS ~ ours.
.
nutrer:
to nourish; ~ DI EL SENO (tr) to breastfeed, to nurse.
.
nuve:
cloud.
.

O

-o':
(-ar verb) suffix for preterit.
.
o:
(conj) or; either; FASE LO, ~ SI NO, IO LO FASERA' Do it, or else I will.
.
o:
(letter) o.
.
o!:
(exclamation) oh!
.
obedeser:
to obey.
.
obeso:
(adj) fat.
.
objetivo:
(n) target; objective.
.
objeto:
(n) object.
.
obligar:
(v) to oblige.
.
obligasion:
obligation.
.
obligatorio:
obligatory.
.
obliviar:
to forget.
.
obra:
(of art, etc.) work.
.
observar:
to notice.
.
obtuso:
(not sharp) dull, blunt.
.
obuse:
(explosive projectile) shell.
.
oca:
goose.
.
ocasion:
opportunity.
.
ocaso:
sunset.
.
ocsidar (se):
(v) to rust.
.
ocsidasion:
(n) rust.
.
ocsidente:
west; DEL ~ western.
.
ocsi'jeno:
oxygen.
.
octeto:
(eight bits) byte.
.
octobre:
October.
.
ocultar (se):
to hide.
.
ocupado:
busy, occupied.
.
ocupar:
to occupy.
.
ocurrensa:
event, occurrence, development.
.
ocurrer:
to happen, to occur.
.
odiar:
to hate.
.
odio:
(n) hate.
.
odor:
(n) smell, odor; SENTER EL ~ DE (tr) to smell; TENER UN ~ ESTRANIO to have a strange odor; TENER EL ~ DE to smell like.
.
ofender:
(v) to offend.
.
ofensa:
offense.
.
ofensivo:
offensive.
.
oferta:
(n) offer; ~ SPESIAL (n) (special) sale.
.
ofisial:
(adj) official.
.
ofisina:
(one's room at work) office.
.
ofreser (se):
to offer, to volunteer; ELI SE OFRESIO' PAR FASER LO He volunteered to do it.
.
oi'do:
See:
oier.
.
oier {irregular tenses:
preterit:
oio'; past participle:
oi'do}:
to hear.
.
oio:
eye; PELE DE ~ eyelid.
.
oio':
See:
oier.
.
oji:
today.
.
Olanda:
Netherlands.
.
olio:
oil.
.
oliva:
(food) olive.
.
olivera:
(tree) olive.
.
-o'logo:
-ologist; suffix for -ologist.
.
-oloji'a:
-ology; suffix for -ology.
.
ombligo:
navel.
.
ombra:
(n) shadow, shade.
.
ombradora:
(device) shade.
.
ombrar:
to shade.
.
ome:
(n) man.
.
omosecsual:
homosexual.
.
onda:
(n) (undulation) wave.
.
onesto:
honest.
.
onor:
honor.
.
o'pera:
opera.
.
operador:
operator.
.
operar:
to operate, to run.
.
operasion:
operation; FASER UNA ~ (A) to operate (on), to perform an operation (on).
.
opinion:
opinion.
.
oportuno:
opportune, timely.
.
opresion:
oppression.
.
opresivo:
oppressive.
.
oprimer:
(v) to oppress.
.
ora:
hour; A ALGUNA ~ at some time; A CUALCE ~ anytime, at any time.
.
orario:
(n) schedule; PONER EN EL ~ to schedule.
.
orasion:
prayer.
.
orasionar:
to pray.
.
o'rbita:
(n) orbit.
.
orbitar:
(v) to orbit.
.
orcestra:
orchestra.
.
o'rden:
(arrangement) order.
.
ordenado:
(adj) orderly.
.
ordenar:
(v) to put in order.
.
oreia:
ear.
.
orelojeto:
(n) (clock) watch.
.
orelojo:
clock; CONTRA LA DIRECSION DEL ~ counter-clockwise; EN LA DIRECSION DEL ~ clockwise.
.
organisar:
to organize.
.
organisasion:
organization.
.
o'rgano:
(of the body) organ; ~ MUSICAL (musical) organ.
.
orgoio:
pride.
.
orgoioso:
proud.
.
oriente:
east; DEL ~ eastern.
.
orijinal:
original.
.
ori'jine:
origin.
.
orisontal:
(adj) horizontal.
.
orisonte:
horizon.
.
ornamento:
ornament.
.
oro:
gold.
.
orso:
(n) bear.
.
ortografi'a:
(n) spelling; (v) See:
ortografiar.
.
ortografiar {irregular present and imperative tenses:
ortografi'a}:
to spell.
.
oscurida':
(n) darkness, dark.
.
oscuro:
(adj) dark.
.
oso:
bone.
.
-oso:
suffix for full of (based on noun).
.
ospital:
hospital.
.
osta'culo:
obstacle.
.
ostia:
(n) (religious wafer) host.
.
ostinado:
stubborn, obstinate.
.
otel:
hotel; ~ CON STASIONAMENTO motel; ~ PAR JO'VENES youth hostel.
.
otenta:
eighty.
.
otente'simo:
(ordinal) eightieth.
.
otentieme:
(fraction) eightieth.
.
ote'simo:
(ordinal) eighth.
.
otieme:
(fraction) eighth.
.
oto:
eight.
.
otonio:
(season) autumn, fall.
.
otro:
other; another.
.
oval:
oval.
.
ovino:
sheep.
.
ovo:
egg.
.

P

pacete:
package, parcel; packet; bundle.
.
Pacistan:
Pakistan.
.
padre:
father.
.
padrino:
godfather.
.
padron:
(used repetitively in sewing, tracing, etc.) pattern.
.
pagamento:
payment.
.
pagar:
to pay (for) {The person who receives the money is the indirect object}; ELI PAGO' TRES DO'LARES A ME POR EL LIBRO He paid me three dollars for the book.
.
paisaje:
scenery.
.
pai'se:
(nation, area) country.
.
pa'jina:
(printed) page.
.
pala:
(n) shovel; MOVER CON UNA ~ to shovel.
.
pa'lido:
pale, pallid.
.
palisada:
(outdoor barrier) fence.
.
palma:
(of hand) palm.
.
palmera:
(tree) palm.
.
palo:
(n) stick; pole.
.
pan:
bread; ~ TOSTADO toast, toasted bread.
.
panete:
(n) (food) roll.
.
panfleto:
pamphlet.
.
pa'nico:
(n) panic, scare.
.
pantalon:
(n) pants, trousers; ~ CORTO short pants, shorts; swimming trunks.
.
pantalonete:
(underwear) briefs; boxers; panties; knickers.
.
pantanal:
marsh, swamp.
.
papa':
dad.
.
Papa:
Pope.
.
papagaio:
(n) parrot.
.
papel:
(n) paper.
.
par:
for; in order to; ~ CE so (that).
.
paracadita:
(n) parachute.
.
paradiso seleste:
(in religion) heaven.
.
para'grafo:
paragraph.
.
paragua:
(for rain) umbrella.
.
paralelo:
(adj) parallel.
.
parasol:
(for shade) umbrella, parasol.
.
parce:
(public outdoor area) park.
.
pare:
(n) pair.
.
parede:
(inside) wall.
.
pareia:
(in the romantic sense) couple.
.
parente:
(n) relative.
.
pareser:
to seem.
.
parlamento:
parliament.
.
parlar:
to speak, to talk; ~ CON SENIALES to communicate in sign language, to sign.
.
parlata:
(n) talk.
.
parte:
(n) part; share; place; A ALGUNA ~ somewhere, to some place; EN ALGUNA ~ somewhere, in some place; A CUALCE ~ anywhere, to any place; A NENGUNA ~ nowhere, to no place; A OTRA ~ (adv) away, to another place; EN TODAS PARTES everywhere, in all places; EN MULTAS PARTES widespread.
.
partedero:
(n) (place) exit; ~ DE URJENSA emergency exit.
.
parter (di):
to leave, to go away (from), to depart (from), to get out (of); PARTER CAMINANDO to walk away; PARTER CORRENDO to run away.
.
particular:
(n) detail, particular.
.
partida:
(game) match.
.
partisipio:
participle.
.
partita:
(action) departure.
.
partito:
political party.
.
pas:
peace.
.
pasado:
past.
.
pasajero:
passenger.
.
pasando:
passing; passing by.
.
pasaporto:
passport.
.
pasar:
(time) to spend; to pass, to go by; ~ PRO'CSIMO A (tr) to pass by, to pass near (to).
.
pasata:
(n) (movement) pass.
.
Pascua:
Easter.
.
pase:
(n) (document) pass.
.
pasear:
(on foot) to take a walk; (in a car, etc.) to take a ride.
.
pasiensa:
patience.
.
pasiente:
(adj) patient.
.
pasi'fico:
peaceful.
.
pasion:
passion.
.
pasivo:
passive.
.
paso:
(n) (through mountains) pass; (of the foot) pace, step.
.
pasta:
dough; pasta; paste; ~ DENTAL toothpaste.
.
pastel:
(cake, etc.) pastry.
.
patata:
potato.
.
patriota:
(n) patriot.
.
patrio'tico:
(adj) patriotic.
.
patron:
(n) boss.
.
pausa:
(n) pause.
.
pausar:
to pause.
.
pavimento:
pavement.
.
pe:
(letter) p.
.
pe:
optional direct object preposition (to avoid ambiguity).
.
pecador:
sinner.
.
pecar:
to sin.
.
pecata:
(n) sin.
.
peinadora:
(n) comb.
.
peinar (se):
to comb.
.
peje:
(n) fish.
.
pele:
(n) skin; ~ ARDIDA POR EL SOL (n) sunburn; ~ DE BOVE leather.
.
peli'cula:
movie, motion picture, film; camera film; ~ ANIMADA animated film.
.
pelo:
(one) hair.
.
pelos:
(all) hair(s).
.
peluca:
wig.
.
pena:
feather.
.
pender:
(intr) to hang.
.
pe'ndulo:
(n) pendulum; SEDIA DE ~ (n) (playground) swing.
.
pene:
penis.
.
pensamento:
thought.
.
pensar:
(to cogitate) to think; ~ EN to think about.
.
pensata:
thought.
.
pension:
boarding-house.
.
pepino:
cucumber; (n) (pickled) pickle, pickled cucumber.
.
per:
per; ~ SENTO per cent.
.
perciser:
to search (through), to look through.
.
percisision:
(looking through) search.
.
perder:
to lose; to misplace; (to fail to reach or see) to miss.
.
perdido:
lost; SER ~ to be lost.
.
perdita:
loss.
.
perdon:
(n) forgiveness, pardon.
.
perdona me:
(apology) I'm sorry.
.
perdonar:
to forgive {someone}, to pardon {someone}; ~ {alguna persona} DE {alguna cosa} to forgive {someone} for {something}.
.
perfecto:
perfect.
.
perforadora:
(n) (tool) drill.
.
perforar:
(v) to pierce; to drill.
.
perfume:
perfume.
.
periglo:
danger; PONER EN ~ to endanger; SER EN ~ to be in danger.
.
perigloso:
dangerous.
.
perio'dico:
periodical.
.
peri'odo:
(time) period.
.
periscopio:
periscope.
.
permanente:
(adj) permanent.
.
permiso:
(n) permission; consent; ~ DE ENTRAR (permission to enter) admission.
.
permiter:
to let, to permit, to allow; to consent to; ~ CADER to let fall, to drop; ~ ENTRAR to admit, to allow to enter.
.
perno:
(n) (mechanics) bolt.
.
perpetuo:
perpetual.
.
persecusion:
(n) persecution; harassment.
.
persecusionar:
to persecute; to harass.
.
perseger:
to chase.
.
persegita:
(n) chase.
.
persentaje:
percentage.
.
persepsion:
perception.
.
persever:
to perceive, to detect.
.
persona:
person; ALGUNA ~ somebody, someone; NENGUNA ~ nobody; TODAS LAS PERSONAS everyone, everybody; DE ALGUNA ~ (placed after noun) (belonging to someone) someone's.
.
personaje:
theather role, character.
.
personal:
(adj) personal.
.
perturbado:
(adj) upset.
.
perturbar:
(v) to upset.
.
pesadora:
(device to measure weight) scale.
.
pesar:
to weigh.
.
pesca:
fishing.
.
pescar:
to fish.
.
pe'sica:
peach.
.
peso:
weight.
.
petito:
(adj) little, small.
.
peto:
(body part) chest.
.
petrolio:
petroleum, oil.
.
picante:
(adj) spicy, piquant; stinging.
.
picar:
to prick, to sting.
.
picata:
(n) prick; sting.
.
picenice:
(n) picnic.
.
pie:
(of body) foot; PONER EL ~ SOBRA to step on; BATER CON EL ~ to kick.
.
piedra:
rock; stone.
.
pierna:
leg; ~ SUPERIOR thigh.
.
piesa:
(n) piece, bit; ~ CORTADA (n) slice; ~ DE TEATRO (theatrical) play.
.
pijon:
pigeon.
.
pila:
(electric) battery.
.
pilotar:
to pilot.
.
piloto:
(n) pilot.
.
pi'lura:
pill.
.
pimenta:
pepper.
.
pinia:
pinecone.
.
piniera:
(tree) pine.
.
pinsas:
tongs; pincers.
.
pintar:
to paint; ~ UNA CASA VERDE USANDO COLOR ASUR to paint a green house blue; ~ (SE) LA FASA to put make-up on.
.
pintata:
(action) paintjob, painting.
.
pintura:
(object of art) painting.
.
piocos:
lice.
.
pipa:
(n) (for smoking) pipe.
.
pira'mide:
pyramid.
.
pirata:
(n) pirate.
.
pisarra:
blackboard.
.
pisina:
(n) swimming-pool.
.
pista:
(for racing) track; runway.
.
pistola:
(gun) pistol.
.
plaga:
(n) wound; injury; ~ ARDIDA (n) (wound) burn; ~ CORTADA (n) (wound) cut.
.
plageta:
small wound, scratch.
.
plaia:
(n) beach.
.
planeta:
planet.
.
plano:
flat.
.
planta:
(n) plant; PLANTAS MARINAS seaweed.
.
plantar:
to plant.
.
plasa:
(n) (place) square, town square, plaza.
.
plasente:
pleasant, nice, enjoyable, pleasing.
.
plaser:
to please; (n) pleasure; ME PLASE FASER LO You're welcome, don't mention it.
.
plasma:
plasma.
.
pla'stico:
plastic.
.
plataforma:
platform.
.
plato:
(for food) plate; dish.
.
plega:
(n) fold.
.
plegar:
to fold.
.
plenar:
to fill.
.
pleno:
full.
.
plombo:
(n) (metal) lead.
.
plorar:
to cry, to weep.
.
ploro:
(n) crying, weeping.
.
pluma:
pen.
.
plural:
plural.
.
Pluton:
Pluto.
.
pluver:
to rain; ~ JELO to hail.
.
pluvia:
(n) rain; ~ DE JELO (n) hail.
.
pluvioso:
rainy.
.
poco:
(adv) little; not very; not very much; ~ A ~ gradually, little by little; UN ~ a little; slightly, barely; UN ~ (DE) a little bit (of), a bit (of).
.
pocos:
(adj) few.
.
poder:
to be able, can.
.
poema:
poem.
.
poeta:
poet.
.
poio:
(bird) chicken; CARNE DE ~ (meat) chicken.
.
pois:
(next) then.
.
polarida':
polarity.
.
pole'mica:
controversy.
.
pole'mico:
controversial.
.
polgar:
thumb.
.
polisi'a:
police.
.
polisiano:
police officer.
.
poli'tica:
politics.
.
politicista:
politician.
.
poli'tico:
(adj) political.
.
polo:
(global) pole.
.
Polonia:
Poland.
.
polvo:
(n) dust; powder.
.
pomo:
apple.
.
pompa:
(n) pump.
.
pompar:
to pump.
.
pompiero:
firefighter.
.
po'mulo:
cheek.
.
poner:
to put, to place, to set; to position.
.
ponte:
bridge.
.
popular:
(adj) popular.
.
populasion:
population.
.
por:
(indicates the doer of the action) by; because of, on account of, owing to; (price or time) for; ~ CE why; ~ ESEMPLO for example; ~ FAVOR (polite request) please.
.
porce:
(conj) because.
.
porco:
pig.
.
porsion:
share, allotment.
.
porta:
door.
.
portador:
porter.
.
portafolio:
wallet.
.
portar:
to carry, to take, to bear; (clothing) to wear.
.
porto:
port.
.
porton:
gate.
.
Portugal:
Portugal.
.
portugalano:
Portuguese; Portuguese person.
.
portugalese:
(language) Portuguese.
.
posa:
puddle.
.
poseder:
to own, to possess.
.
posesion:
possession.
.
posible:
possible.
.
posiblemente:
(adv) maybe.
.
posiblida':
possibility.
.
posision:
(n) (place) position.
.
positivo:
(adj) positive.
.
poso:
(n) well.
.
posponer:
to postpone.
.
posta:
(n) mail, post; ~ AERIA airmail; ~ ELECTRO'NICA e-mail; ~ RA'PIDA express mail; POSTA-E e-mail.
.
posta-e:
e-mail.
.
posterior:
posterior; buttocks.
.
posto:
job, position.
.
potensa:
potency, power.
.
potente:
potent, powerful.
.
povre:
(adj) poor.
.
povrida':
poverty.
.
pra'tica:
(n) (usage, custom) practice.
.
praticar:
(to put into practice, to use customarily) to practice.
.
pra'tico:
practical.
.
predicar:
to preach.
.
predicsion:
prediction.
.
prediser:
(v) to predict.
.
preferensa:
preference.
.
preferer:
to prefer.
.
prejudisiar:
to be prejudiced (against), to prejudge.
.
prejudisio:
(n) prejudice.
.
premio:
(n) prize.
.
prender:
to take, to get; ~ PRESTADO to borrow.
.
preocupado:
worried, anxious.
.
preocupar (se):
to worry.
.
preocupasion:
(n) worry, anxiety.
.
preparar:
to prepare, to set up; ~ SE to get ready, to prepare.
.
preposision:
preposition.
.
prerrogativa:
(n) (legal or moral) right.
.
prescriver:
to prescribe.
.
presedente:
(adj) preceding; previous; (n) precedent.
.
preseder:
to precede.
.
presentar:
to present; to introduce.
.
presente:
(n) (now) present; (adj) present.
.
preservativo (secsual):
condom.
.
presidente:
president.
.
presion:
(n) pressure.
.
presipisio:
cliff, precipice.
.
presipitar (se):
to hurry.
.
presipitasion:
(n) hurry.
.
prestar:
to lend.
.
presto:
soon, shortly, quickly.
.
presumer:
to presume, to suppose.
.
presunsion:
presumption.
.
prevener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
previene}:
to prevent; ~ SE DE {faser una cosa} to keep {oneself} from {doing something}; ~ {alguna persona o cosa} DE {faser una cosa} to prevent {someone or something} from {doing something}; ~ CE {alguna persona o cosa} {fase una cosa} to prevent {someone or something} from {doing something}.
.
prevension:
prevention.
.
previene:
See:
prevener.
.
primavera:
(season) spring.
.
primerministro:
prime minister.
.
primero:
(adv) first.
.
prinsipal:
(adj) main, principal.
.
prinsipio:
(n) principle; beginning.
.
prison:
(n) jail; prison.
.
privado:
(adj) (not public) private.
.
privar (de):
to deprive (of), to deny.
.
proa:
(n) (of ship) bow.
.
probable:
probable.
.
probablemente:
probably.
.
probablida':
probability, chance.
.
problema:
problem.
.
procsimamente:
(adv) nearby.
.
pro'csimo:
(adj) near, nearby; (adj) EL ... MAS ~ the nearest ... ; ~ A (prep) near (to), close to.
.
producsion:
production; creation.
.
productor:
producer.
.
produser:
to produce; to create.
.
produto:
product; ~ PRINSIPAL main product, staple.
.
profesion:
profession.
.
profesional:
professional.
.
profesor:
teacher.
.
profitar se (di):
to profit (from); to take advantage (of).
.
profito:
(n) profit; advantage.
.
profundida':
depth; DE POCA ~ (adj) (not deep) shallow.
.
profundo:
deep.
.
programa:
(n) program.
.
programar:
to program.
.
progreso:
(n) progress; FASER PROGRESOS to progress.
.
proi'be:
See:
proiber.
.
proiber {irregular present and imperative tenses:
proi'be}:
to prohibit.
.
projetar:
to stick out; to project; to beam.
.
projeto:
(n) project.
.
promesa:
(n) promise, pledge.
.
prometer:
to promise, to pledge.
.
pronome:
pronoun.
.
pronosticar:
to forecast, to project; to prognosticate.
.
prono'stico:
(n) forecast; prognosis.
.
pronto:
ready.
.
pronunsiar:
to pronounce.
.
pronunsiasion:
pronunciation.
.
propagar (se):
to propagate; to spread.
.
propension:
tendency.
.
propenso a:
inclined to, tending to; ~ A SUISIDIO suicidal.
.
proponer:
to propose, to suggest.
.
proporsion:
(n) (proportion) rate; ratio.
.
proposision:
proposition, suggestion; proposal, plan.
.
proprieda':
property; ~ LITERARIA (n) copyright.
.
proprietario:
owner.
.
proprio:
(adj) own {precedes noun if any}; MIO ~ LIBRO my own book.
.
proseso:
(n) process.
.
protejer:
to protect; to shield.
.
protestante:
Protestant.
.
protestar:
to protest; ~ CONTRA to protest against, to object to.
.
protestasion:
(n) protesting; objection.
.
protuberansa:
(n) (protuberance) bump, lump.
.
prova:
(test) trial.
.
provar:
to test, to try out.
.
proveder:
to provide, to supply.
.
provinsia:
(section of a nation) state; province.
.
provision:
(n) supply.
.
prudensa:
prudence, sense, wisdom.
.
prudente:
(prudent) wise; sensible.
.
pruna:
plum; ~ SECA prune.
.
pruritar:
to itch.
.
prurito:
(n) itch.
.
publicar:
to publish.
.
publicasion:
publication.
.
pu'blico:
public.
.
pu'dico:
bashful, modest.
.
pudor:
bashfulness, modesty.
.
pulea:
pulley.
.
puler:
(tr) to shine, to polish.
.
pulmon:
lung.
.
pulsar:
to pulsate.
.
pulsasion:
(n) pulse; pulsation.
.
pulso:
wrist.
.
punialar:
to stab.
.
punialata:
(n) stab.
.
punio:
fist.
.
punta:
(n) (endpoint) tip, end.
.
punto:
(n) (punctuation) period; point; FASER PUNTOS to score points; ~ DE VISTA point of view; ~ DE COSTURA (n) stitch.
.
puntual:
(adj) prompt, punctual.
.
puntualmente:
promptly.
.
purificar:
to purify.
.
puro:
pure.
.
purpurio:
(adj) purple.
.
putrefaser:
(tr) to rot, to make rot; ~ SE (intr) to rot.
.
putrefasido:
rotten.
.

R

racontar:
to recount, to tell, to relate.
.
raconto:
story, tale.
.
radar:
(n) radar.
.
radiasion:
radiation.
.
radio:
radio.
.
radioactivo:
radioactive.
.
radiografi'a:
(n) (photograph) x-ray; (v) See:
radiografiar.
.
radiografiar {irregular present and imperative tenses:
radiografi'a}:
to x-ray.
.
radise:
(n) root.
.
raia:
(n) stripe.
.
raio:
(energy) beam; ray; RAIOS ECSE (n) (energy) x-rays.
.
ramo:
(n) (of tree) branch.
.
rana:
frog.
.
rango:
(n) rank.
.
ranura:
(n) slot.
.
rapidamente:
(adv) quickly, fast.
.
rapidida':
(n) speed.
.
ra'pido:
(adj) fast, quick, rapid.
.
raro:
rare.
.
rasa:
(racial group) race.
.
rason:
(rationality) reason.
.
rasonable:
reasonable.
.
raspadura:
(n) (mark) scratch.
.
raspar:
to scratch, to scrape.
.
rastrilar:
(v) to rake.
.
rastrilo:
(n) rake.
.
rasuradora:
(n) razor.
.
rasurar (se):
to shave.
.
rasurata:
(n) shave.
.
rateta:
mouse.
.
rato:
rat.
.
re-:
prefix for again or back.
.
re:
r.
.
real:
real, actual.
.
realida':
reality; EN ~ in fact, indeed.
.
realisar:
to achieve, to attain.
.
realisasion:
achievement, attainment.
.
realista:
realistic; realist.
.
realmente:
actually, really.
.
rebelante:
(n) rebel; (adj) rebellious.
.
rebelar se:
(v) to rebel.
.
rebelion:
rebellion.
.
recambio:
replacement; DE ~ (adj) spare.
.
reclamar (de):
to complain (about).
.
reclamo:
(n) complaint.
.
recoler:
to pick up, to collect, to gather; to harvest, to reap; ~ SE to congregate, to gather.
.
recolita:
(n) harvest; gathering, collection.
.
recomendar:
to recommend.
.
recomendasion:
recommendation.
.
recompensa:
(n) reward.
.
recompensar:
to reward.
.
reconosensa:
admission, recognition.
.
reconoser:
to admit, to recognize.
.
reconsiliar (se):
to reconcile.
.
reconsiliasion:
reconciliation.
.
re'cor:
(n) (athletic, etc.) record.
.
recordar:
to remind; ~ DE to remind about, to remind of; ~ SE (DE) to remember (about); NO ~ SE (DE) to forget (about).
.
recta'ngulo:
rectangle.
.
redacsion:
editing.
.
redacsionar:
to edit.
.
redactor:
editor.
.
rede:
net; network.
.
re'dito:
income.
.
reducsion:
(n) decrease.
.
reduser (se):
to decrease.
.
referensa:
reference.
.
referer (a):
to refer (to).
.
reflecsion:
reflection.
.
reflecsivo:
reflective; reflexive.
.
refleter:
(v) to reflect.
.
reforma:
(n) reform.
.
reformar:
to reform.
.
refrescar:
to refresh.
.
refridar (se):
to cool.
.
refrijeradora:
refrigerator.
.
refrijerar:
to refrigerate.
.
refujado:
refugee.
.
refujar se:
(v) to take refuge.
.
refujo:
(n) refuge.
.
refusado:
(n) reject.
.
refusar:
to reject, to refuse.
.
refusata:
refusal, rejection.
.
regal:
(adj) royal.
.
regalar:
to treat someone to, to give as a gift, to regale with.
.
regalo:
(n) treat, gift.
.
regla:
(n) rule.
.
regular:
(adj) regular; ordinary.
.
rei:
king.
.
reincarnar:
reincarnate.
.
reincarnasion:
reincarnation.
.
reiterar:
(to reiterate, to say again) to repeat.
.
reiterasion:
(reiteration, saying again) repetition.
.
rejistradora:
recorder; tape recorder.
.
rejistrar:
to record; to tape; ~ COMO PROPRIEDA' LITERARIA to copyright, to register the copyright of.
.
rejistro:
(n) (that which is recorded) record; recording.
.
rejon:
region.
.
rel:
rail; RELES train tracks, rails.
.
relampo:
lightning.
.
relasion:
relationship; ~ AMOROSA love affair.
.
relasiones:
relations; relationships; ~ SECSUALES sexual relations.
.
relativo:
(adj) relative; ~ A (prep) concerning, about, regarding, related to.
.
relijon:
religion.
.
relijoso:
religious.
.
remar:
to paddle, to row.
.
remo:
(n) paddle, oar.
.
remover:
to remove, to take off.
.
rena:
queen.
.
render:
(to hand over) to deliver.
.
rendimento:
(handing over) delivery.
.
renion:
kidney.
.
reno:
kingdom.
.
Reno Unido:
United Kingdom.
.
renunsiar:
to give up, to quit; (a job) to resign; ~ UN POSTO to quit a job.
.
renunsiasion:
(n) quitting; (quitting a job) resignation.
.
reparado:
repaired, fixed, mended.
.
reparar:
to repair, to fix, to mend.
.
reparasion:
(n) repair.
.
repeler:
to repel.
.
repentente:
repentant, sorry.
.
repenter se (de):
to be sorry (for), to repent (for), to regret (having done something).
.
repentimento:
(n) regret, repentance.
.
Repete, por favor:
I beg your pardon, please repeat.
.
repeter:
to repeat.
.
repetision:
repetition; (computer programming) loop.
.
reportaje:
(n) report.
.
reportar:
to report.
.
reposar:
to rest.
.
reposo:
(n) resting, rest.
.
represa:
(n) dam.
.
representante:
(n) representative.
.
representar:
to represent; (as an actor) to act, to perform.
.
representativo:
(adj) representative.
.
reprimer:
(v) to repress.
.
reptil:
reptile.
.
repu'blica:
republic.
.
Repu'blica Slovaca:
Slovak Republic.
.
Repu'blica Tjeca:
Czech Republic.
.
reputasion:
reputation.
.
resente:
(adj) recent.
.
resentemente:
(adv) recently.
.
reserva:
(n) (reserved area) reserve, reservation.
.
reservar:
to reserve.
.
reservasion:
reservation.
.
reseta:
recipe; ~ ME'DICA medical prescription.
.
resever:
to receive, to get.
.
resiclar:
to recycle.
.
residensa:
residence.
.
residente:
resident.
.
resider:
to reside, to live.
.
resinar se (a):
to become resigned (to), to resign oneself (to).
.
resinasion:
(being resigned to something) resignation.
.
resipiente:
container.
.
resistensa:
resistance.
.
resistente:
(adj) durable; resistant.
.
resister:
to resist.
.
resolusion:
solution; resolution.
.
resolver:
(v) to solve; to resolve.
.
resorte:
(metal) spring.
.
respetar:
to respect.
.
respeto:
(n) respect.
.
respirar:
to breathe.
.
respirasion:
(n) breath, breathing, respiration.
.
responder:
to answer, to reply.
.
respondita:
(n) answer.
.
responsable:
(accountable) responsible.
.
responsablida':
(accountability) responsibility.
.
resposta:
(n) answer, reply.
.
restar:
to remain, to stay; to be left (over).
.
resto:
(n) remainder, rest.
.
restorante:
(n) restaurant.
.
restricsion:
restriction.
.
restrinjer:
(v) to restrict.
.
resultado:
(n) result.
.
resultar:
to result; ~ EN to result in.
.
retardar:
to delay; ~ SERVISIO PAR to delay service to, to bump.
.
retardo:
(n) delay.
.
retener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
retiene}:
to keep, to retain.
.
retiene:
See:
retener.
.
retirar (se):
(v) to withdraw.
.
retornar:
(intr) to return, to go back; (tr) to give back, to return.
.
retorno:
(n) return.
.
retrato:
portrait.
.
reu'ne:
See:
reuner.
.
reuner se (con) {present and imperative tenses:
reu'ne}:
to meet (with), to rendezvous (with).
.
reunion:
meeting, appointment; ~ ROMA'NTICA (romantic) date.
.
reve':
See:
rever.
.
revelar:
to reveal; (photographically) to develop.
.
revelasion:
revelation; (photographic) development.
.
rever {irregular present tense:
reve'}:
to see again; A ~! See you later!
.
reverso:
reverse; AL ~ reversed, backward.
.
revista:
magazine.
.
revolusion:
revolution.
.
rico:
rich.
.
rider:
to laugh.
.
ridi'culo:
ridiculous; PONER EN ~ to ridicule.
.
ri'jido:
rigid; stiff.
.
rima:
(n) rhyme.
.
rimar:
(v) to rhyme.
.
ri'o:
river.
.
risa:
(n) laugh, laughter.
.
riscar:
(v) to risk.
.
risco:
(n) risk.
.
riso:
(n) curl; loop.
.
ritmo:
rhythm.
.
riva:
riverbank.
.
robador:
thief.
.
robar:
to steal; ~ DI to steal from, to rob.
.
robata:
theft.
.
robote:
robot.
.
rocete:
(n) rocket.
.
roda:
wheel.
.
rojo:
red.
.
rolar:
to roll; (airplane) to taxi.
.
rolo:
(n) (paper, tape, etc.) roll.
.
Romania:
Romania.
.
romaniano:
Romanian.
.
roma'nico:
(adj) (neo-Latin) Romance.
.
romaniese:
(language) Romanian.
.
Romanova:
(a Romance interlanguage) Romanova.
.
roma'ntico:
romantic.
.
romper (se):
to break; to burst.
.
ronda:
(of drinks, or doing rounds) round.
.
rosa:
rose.
.
rosado:
(adj) pink.
.
rotundo:
(adj) round; FASER ~ to round off; FASER ~ CON AUMENTO to round up; FASER ~ CON REDUCSION to round down.
.
rude:
rough; rude.
.
ruga:
(n) wrinkle.
.
rugar:
to wrinkle.
.
ruinas:
(n) ruins, wreckage.
.
rumor:
noise; rumor; FASER UN ~ to make a noise; AVE UN ~ CE... There's a rumor that....
.
Rusia:
Russia.
.

S

-s:
(after vowel) suffix for plural.
.
sa:
(letter) z.
.
sa'bado:
Saturday.
.
saber:
(a fact) to know.
.
sabon:
soap.
.
sabor:
(n) flavor, taste; DAR ~ A to flavor; TENER ~ DE to taste like; TENER UN ~ ESTRANIO to have a strange taste.
.
sabotaje:
(n) sabotage.
.
sabotar:
(v) to sabotage.
.
saco:
(n) sack.
.
sacrificar:
(v) to sacrifice.
.
sacrifisio:
(n) sacrifice.
.
sal:
(n) salt.
.
sala:
(large room) hall.
.
salado:
salty.
.
salario:
wages; salary; pay.
.
saliva:
saliva, spit.
.
salmora:
brine; PREPARAR CON ~ to pickle.
.
Salmorasur:
(planet) Earth.
.
salon (de belida'):
beauty parlor.
.
salsa:
sauce.
.
salsija:
sausage.
.
saltar:
to jump, to leap, to spring; to bounce.
.
salto:
(n) jump, leap; bounce.
.
salu':
health.
.
saludar:
to greet, to salute.
.
saludo:
greeting, salutation.
.
salvamento:
(n) rescue.
.
salvar:
to rescue, to save.
.
salvasion:
salvation.
.
salvo:
(prep) except for, apart from.
.
sanduije:
sandwich.
.
sangue:
blood.
.
sano:
healthy.
.
santificar:
to hallow.
.
santo:
(adj) holy; (n) holy one; saint.
.
sarcasmo:
sarcasm.
.
sarca'stico:
sarcastic.
.
saserdote:
priest.
.
sason:
(n) (time) season.
.
sate'lite:
satellite.
.
satisfacsion:
satisfaction.
.
satisfaser:
to satisfy.
.
satisfasido:
(adj) content; satisfied.
.
Saturno:
Saturn.
.
savio:
knowledgeable, wise.
.
scafandro:
spacesuit; diving suit.
.
scala:
(n) (relative size) scale.
.
scalera:
staircase; stairs; ~ DE INSENDIO fire escape; ~ PORTABLE ladder.
.
sca'pula:
shoulder.
.
sceleto:
skeleton.
.
sci:
(n) ski; ESCORRER SE EN SCIS to ski.
.
sclavo:
(n) slave.
.
scoba:
broom.
.
scobar:
to sweep.
.
scola:
school.
.
scriver:
to write; ~ CON MA'CINA to type; ~ CON BOTONERO to type.
.
scuadra:
(n) team.
.
scudela:
(n) (deep round dish) bowl.
.
scudo:
(n) shield.
.
sculper:
to sculpt; to carve.
.
scultura:
(n) sculpture; carving.
.
se:
(letter) s.
.
se:
himself; herself; itself; themselves; oneself.
.
sea:
See:
ser.
.
sebola:
onion.
.
secar:
to dry.
.
seco:
(adj) dry.
.
secreto:
(noun, adj) secret.
.
secsion:
section.
.
secso:
sex.
.
secsual:
sexual.
.
secuensa:
sequence.
.
secuestrador:
kidnapper.
.
secuestrar:
to kidnap.
.
secuestro:
kidnapping.
.
securida':
safety; security.
.
securo:
safe; secure.
.
sede:
(n) thirst; TENER ~ to be thirsty, to thirst.
.
sedente:
thirsty.
.
sedia:
seat; chair.
.
seducsion:
seduction.
.
seductivo:
seductive.
.
seduser:
to seduce.
.
segadora:
(n) (tool) saw.
.
segar:
to saw, to cut with a saw.
.
segente:
(adj) following; next.
.
seger:
to follow.
.
segundo:
(n) (time unit) second.
.
seguro:
certain; sure.
.
selebrar:
to celebrate.
.
selebrasion:
celebration.
.
selecsion:
(n) choice.
.
selecsionar:
to choose, to select.
.
Selene:
Earth's moon.
.
selibato:
celibacy.
.
se'libe:
celibate.
.
semana:
week.
.
semblante:
facial expression.
.
seme:
(n) seed; PONER SEMES EN to seed.
.
se'men:
semen.
.
semento:
(n) concrete.
.
sempre:
always.
.
senario:
(theater) scene.
.
senero:
brassiere.
.
senial:
(n) (roadsign, lettered sign, etc.) sign; signal; ~ DE LINIA OCUPADA busy signal.
.
senialar:
to signal.
.
senior:
mister; Lord.
.
seniorela:
Ms.
.
seno:
breast.
.
sensas:
ashes.
.
sensasion:
sensation, feeling.
.
sensero:
ashtray.
.
sensible:
sensitive.
.
sensura:
(n) censure; reproach.
.
sensurar:
to censure; to reproach.
.
sentado:
(adj) seated, sitting; SER ~ to sit, to be sitting, to be seated.
.
sentar:
to seat; ~ SE to sit down.
.
sentensa:
(n) (for crime) sentence.
.
sentensar:
to sentence.
.
senter:
(tr) to feel, to sense (may be followed by noun); ~ SE to feel (may be followed by adjective).
.
sente'simo:
(ordinal) hundredth.
.
sentieme:
(fraction) hundredth.
.
sentimento:
sentiment, feeling.
.
sentimetro:
centimeter.
.
sentito:
(n) (of the five senses, etc.) sense; ~ DE VER ability to see, sight, vision; ~ DE OIER ability to hear, hearing; ~ DE SENTER ODORES ability to smell, sense of smell.
.
sento:
hundred; PER ~ per cent.
.
sentral:
central.
.
sentro:
(n) center; (of a city) downtown; PONER EN EL ~ to center.
.
separado:
(adj) separate.
.
separar (se):
to separate, to part.
.
septembre:
September.
.
sepulcro:
grave; tomb.
.
sepultura:
(of the dead) burial.
.
ser {irregular tenses:
present:
es; preterit:
fu; imperfect:
era; imperative:
sea}:
to be; ~ TROVADO EN to be at, to be found at; ES BONO CE... It's good that...; ES LA UNA It's one o'clock; ES LAS TRES It's three o'clock.
.
sera:
evening.
.
sereal:
cereal.
.
serebro:
brain.
.
seremonia:
(n) ceremony; ritual; ~ DE MATRIMONIO wedding.
.
seremonial:
(adj) ceremonial; ritual.
.
seresa:
cherry.
.
serie:
series.
.
seringa:
syringe.
.
serio:
serious.
.
sero:
zero.
.
serpente:
snake.
.
serrado:
closed.
.
serradura:
(n) lock; SERRAR CON UNA ~ to lock.
.
serrar (se):
to close.
.
serrelampo:
(n) zipper.
.
serto:
a certain; ~ OME a certain man.
.
serume:
(n) wax; PONER ~ EN to wax.
.
servedor:
(of a restaurant) waiter; waitress; (person) server, servant.
.
servedora:
(machine) server.
.
server:
to serve.
.
servieta:
napkin.
.
servisio:
service; SER DE ~ to be on duty.
.
servo:
deer.
.
sesar:
(tr) to stop {some activity}, to cease {some activity}; ~ DE {infinitivo} to stop {doing something}; FASER {alguna persona o cosa} ~ {una cosa} (tr) to make {someone or something} stop {some activity}; FASER {alguna persona o cosa} ~ DE {infinitivo} to make {someone or something} stop {doing something}; ~ DE ANDAR to stop oneself from moving, to stop.
.
sesta:
basket.
.
sete:
seven.
.
setenta:
seventy.
.
setente'simo:
(ordinal) seventieth.
.
setentieme:
(fraction) seventieth.
.
sete'simo:
(ordinal) seventh.
.
setieme:
(fraction) seventh.
.
sfera:
sphere.
.
sfe'rico:
spherical.
.
si:
(conj) if, provided (that); whether; (adv) (opposite of no) yes.
.
sibilar:
to hiss.
.
sibilata:
(n) hiss.
.
siciatra:
psychiatrist.
.
siclo:
(n) cycle.
.
siclomotor:
moped.
.
sico'logo:
psychologist.
.
sicoloji'a:
psychology.
.
sicolo'jico:
psychological.
.
sida:
AIDS.
.
sidadano:
citizen.
.
sieclo:
century.
.
siego:
(adj) blind.
.
sielo:
sky.
.
siensa:
science.
.
siensista:
scientist.
.
sienti'fico:
scientific.
.
siesta:
(n) nap.
.
sifladora:
(n) (instrument) whistle.
.
siflar:
to whistle.
.
sifra:
(n) (cryptographic or symbolic) code.
.
sifrar:
to encrypt.
.
sigareto:
cigarette.
.
sigaro:
cigar.
.
si'laba:
syllable.
.
silensio:
(n) silence, quiet.
.
silento:
silent, quiet.
.
silindro:
cylinder.
.
silvestre:
(adj) wild.
.
sima:
top; summit; EN LA ~ (DE) on top (of).
.
si'mbolo:
symbol.
.
similar:
(adj) alike, similar.
.
similarmente:
(adv) alike.
.
simio:
(simian) ape; monkey.
.
simpati'a:
(n) getting along well with someone.
.
simpa'tico:
(congenial) nice, pleasant.
.
simpatisar:
to sympathize; to get along well with.
.
simple:
simple.
.
since'simo:
(ordinal) fifth.
.
sincieme:
(fraction) fifth.
.
sinco:
five.
.
sincronisar:
(v) to synchronize.
.
sincronisasion:
synchronization.
.
sincuenta:
fifty.
.
sincuente'simo:
(ordinal) fiftieth.
.
sincuentieme:
(fraction) fiftieth.
.
sindicato:
labor union.
.
singular:
singular.
.
sinificar:
(to signify) to mean.
.
sinificasion:
(n) meaning, sense.
.
sinistra:
(n) (not right) left; A ~ (adv) (not to the right) to the left.
.
sinistrista:
(left-wing) leftist.
.
sinistro:
(adj) (not right) left.
.
sinsa:
without; ~ VALOR without value, worthless.
.
sinsero:
sincere.
.
sinta:
(n) tape; ribbon; FASER ADERER CON ~ to stick on with tape, to tape.
.
sintetisar:
(v) to synthesize.
.
si'ntoma:
symptom.
.
sintura:
(n) waist.
.
sinturero:
(n) belt.
.
sinuoso:
winding, meandering.
.
sirca:
approximately, about.
.
sirco:
circus.
.
sircostansas:
circumstances.
.
sircuito:
circuit.
.
si'rculo:
circle; (shape) ring.
.
sircundar:
to surround.
.
sis:
six.
.
sisenta:
sixty.
.
sisente'simo:
(ordinal) sixtieth.
.
sisentieme:
(fraction) sixtieth.
.
sise'simo:
(ordinal) sixth.
.
sisieme:
(fraction) sixth.
.
sistema:
system.
.
sisterna:
(for liquid) tank.
.
sitar:
to quote.
.
sitasion:
(n) quotation, quote.
.
situasion:
situation.
.
sivilisasion:
civilization.
.
so:
(prep) below, under.
.
sobra:
(prep) above; on top of, on.
.
sobravivensa:
survival.
.
sobraviver:
(v) to survive.
.
soda:
soda pop.
.
sofocar (se):
to suffocate; ~ EN LA AGUA to drown.
.
soja:
soybean.
.
Sol:
Earth's sun.
.
sol:
sun; SER ARDIDO POR EL ~ to get sunburned.
.
soldado:
soldier.
.
soldar:
(v) to weld.
.
solene:
solemn.
.
soler {followed by an infinitive}:
to be in the habit of {doing something}.
.
solia:
(fish) sole.
.
so'lido:
(adj) solid, firm; (n) (neither gas nor liquid) solid.
.
solisitar:
to ask for, to request; to apply (for); (to request merchandise) to order; ELI DEVE ~ UN LIBRO DI CARLO He should ask Carlo for a book; ~ {una cosa di Dio, etse'tera} to pray {to God, etc., for something}; ~ AIUDA {di Dio, etse'tera, par alguna persona} to pray {to God, etc., for help for someone}.
.
solisitasion:
(n) request; application; (of merchandise) order; (religious, to God, etc.) prayer.
.
solitario:
lone, only; alone.
.
solo {or solamente}:
(adv) only; alone; UN ~ ... (just one) a single ....
.
solo'jico:
zoo.
.
soltera:
bachelorette.
.
soltere:
(adj) (unmarried) single; (n) (unmarried) single person {See:
soltero; See:
soltera}.
.
soltero:
bachelor.
.
soma:
amount, sum.
.
somar:
to total, to add (up).
.
son:
(n) sound.
.
sona:
area.
.
sonar:
(music) to play; to ring; to sound.
.
sonda:
(n) (device) probe.
.
sondaje:
(n) survey; scan; (of public opinion) poll.
.
sondar:
to probe; to scan; to survey; (to probe public opinion) to poll; ~ INJUSTAMENTE to snoop, to pry (into).
.
soniar:
to dream; ~ ESVELIADO to daydream.
.
sonio:
(n) dream; ~ ESVELIADO (n) daydream.
.
soplar:
to blow.
.
soportar:
to withstand, to stand, to bear.
.
sora:
sister.
.
sorbete:
sherbet.
.
so'rdido:
(adj) (soiled) dirty; sordid.
.
sordo:
deaf.
.
sorprender:
to surprise.
.
sorpresa:
(n) surprise.
.
sorrider:
to smile.
.
sorrisa:
(n) smile.
.
sosial:
social.
.
sosieda':
society.
.
sospeta:
suspicion.
.
sospetado:
(noun, adj) suspect; (adj) (suspected) suspicious.
.
sospetante:
(adj) (suspecting) suspicious.
.
sospetar:
to suspect.
.
soterra:
cellar.
.
spada:
sword.
.
spasial:
(adj) space, spacial.
.
spasio:
(room) space; ~ CO'SMICO (cosmic) space.
.
specta'culo:
(n) show.
.
speransa:
(n) hope.
.
sperar:
to hope.
.
spesial:
special.
.
spesialida':
specialty, speciality.
.
spesialista:
specialist.
.
spesialmente:
especially.
.
spesie:
species.
.
spesificar:
(v) to specify.
.
spesificasion:
specification.
.
spesi'fico:
specific.
.
spina:
spine.
.
spinacas:
spinach.
.
spiral:
spiral.
.
spi'rito:
spirit.
.
sponja:
sponge.
.
sporte:
sport.
.
sposa:
wife; EL PADRE DE MIA ~ my father-in-law.
.
sposado:
(adj) married.
.
sposar:
(to make married) to marry; ~ SE (CON) to get married (to).
.
spose:
spouse.
.
sposo:
husband; LA SORA DE TUO ~ your sister-in-law.
.
spuma:
foam.
.
sputar:
to spit.
.
stado:
nation, state.
.
Stados Unidos:
United States.
.
stadounidano:
(from the U.S.) American.
.
stampa:
(n) print.
.
stampilia:
(n) (rubber) stamp.
.
standardisado:
(adj) standard, standardized.
.
standardisar:
to standardize.
.
standardo:
(n) (uniform model) standard.
.
stanio:
(n) (metal) tin.
.
star:
(used with health or progressive tense) to be; (to be standing) to stand; ~ BIEN to be well; ~ MAL to be ill, to be sick.
.
starnudar:
to sneeze.
.
starnudata:
(n) sneeze.
.
stasion:
(n) station.
.
stasionadero:
parking lot.
.
stasionamento:
parking.
.
stasionar:
to park.
.
statua:
statue.
.
stela:
(hydrogen) star.
.
stilo:
(n) style; ~ DE PELOS hairstyle.
.
sto'mago:
(n) (organ for food) stomach.
.
strato:
layer.
.
structura:
(n) structure.
.
studiador:
student.
.
studiar:
to study.
.
studio:
(n) study.
.
stufa:
stovetop, stove.
.
stu'pido:
(adj) stupid.
.
stuprar:
to rape.
.
stupro:
(n) rape.
.
suave:
soft; gentle.
.
subitamente:
suddenly.
.
su'bito:
sudden.
.
submarino:
(n) submarine.
.
sucursal:
(n) (business) branch.
.
Suda'frica:
South Africa.
.
Sudame'rica:
South America.
.
sude:
south; DEL ~ southern.
.
Suesia:
Sweden.
.
sufrer:
to suffer.
.
sufrimento:
suffering.
.
sugo:
juice.
.
Suisa:
Switzerland.
.
suisidado:
(n) (person) suicide.
.
suisidar se:
to commit suicide.
.
suisidio:
(n) (act) suicide.
.
sujeto:
(n) (grammatical) subject.
.
sujuntivo:
subjunctive.
.
sulco:
(n) furrow; groove.
.
sumerjer (se):
to sink; to submerge.
.
sumeter:
to subject; ~ SE (A) to submit oneself (to), to subject oneself (to).
.
sumision:
submission.
.
suo {stressed on the u}:
(singular possessive) her; his; its; of hers; of his; EL ~ hers; his; its; ~ PROPRIO her own; his own; its own.
.
suolo:
(under foot) floor; ground.
.
suos {stressed on the u}:
(plural possessive) her; his; its; of hers; of his; LOS ~ hers; his; its; ~ PROPRIOS her own; his own; its own.
.
supa:
soup.
.
superfise:
(n) surface; (measure) area.
.
superfisial:
superficial, shallow.
.
superior:
(adj) upper.
.
supero:
(n) (for soup) bowl.
.
supervisador:
supervisor.
.
supervisar:
(v) to supervise.
.
suplicar:
to beg.
.
suplicasion:
begging.
.
supresion:
suppression.
.
suprimer:
(v) to suppress.
.
suspender:
(tr) to hang.
.
sustansa:
substance.
.
sustantivo:
noun.
.
sustentador:
(n) sponsor; supporter.
.
sustentar:
(financially or figuratively) to support; to sponsor.
.
sustentasion:
(n) support.
.
sustitu'e:
See:
sustituer.
.
sustituer {irregular present and imperative tenses:
sustitu'e}:
(v) to substitute for.
.
sustituto:
(n, adj) substitute.
.
susurrar:
to whisper.
.
susurro:
(n) whisper.
.
suterranio:
subway.
.
sutracsion:
subtraction.
.
sutraer {irregular past participle:
sutrai'do}:
to subtract.
.
sutrai'do:
See:
sutraer.
.
suversivo:
subversive.
.

T

tabaco:
tobacco.
.
tabla:
wooden board; plank; ~ GRA'FICA graphic table; chart.
.
tacsi:
(n) taxi; cab.
.
taiar:
to carve.
.
Tailandia:
Thailand.
.
taja:
(n) stain; blemish.
.
tal:
(singular) such (a).
.
talento:
talent.
.
tales:
(plural) such.
.
talo:
(n) stem.
.
tamben:
also, too.
.
tambor:
(n) drum.
.
tampon:
tampon.
.
tance:
(n) (military) tank.
.
tanto:
(adv) so, so much; ~ {adjective or adverb} COMO as {adjective or adverb} as; ~ COMO as much as; ~ GRANDE COMO as big as.
.
tantos:
so many; ~ COMO as many as.
.
tapete:
carpet; rug.
.
tapon:
(n) (electric) plug.
.
taponar:
to plug in.
.
tarde:
(adj) (near the end) late.
.
tardemente:
(adv) (near the end) late.
.
tardivamente:
(adv) (after the expected time) late.
.
tardivo:
(adj) (after the expected time) late.
.
tarifa:
(n) tariff.
.
tasa:
(n) cup; ~ DE VIDRO drinking glass.
.
taser se:
to be quiet, to be silent, not to speak.
.
taso:
(n) (commercial) rate.
.
te:
(letter) t.
.
te:
(singular non-subject pronoun) you.
.
teatro:
theater.
.
te'cnica:
technique.
.
tecnicista:
technician.
.
te'cnico:
(adj) technical.
.
tecnoloji'a:
technology.
.
tecnolo'jico:
technological.
.
tecsto:
text.
.
tei:
tea.
.
tela:
cloth, material, fabric; ~ DE MANO handkerchief.
.
telefonar:
to phone, to telephone, to call.
.
telefonata:
(n) phone call, telephone call.
.
tele'fono:
(n) phone, telephone.
.
telescopio:
telescope.
.
television:
(n) (medium) television.
.
televisor:
television set.
.
tema:
subject, matter; theme.
.
temer:
to fear.
.
temor:
(n) fear.
.
temperamento:
temperament.
.
temperatura:
temperature.
.
tempeto:
(n) short while, short time.
.
tempo:
(n) (hours, minutes, etc.) time; (n) while; EN ESO ~ during that time, at that time, then; ~ MUSICAL tempo, beat; ~ DEL VERBO verb tense; DURANTE MULTO ~ for a long time.
.
temporaniamente:
(adv) temporarily.
.
temporanio:
(adj) temporary.
.
tempranamente:
(adv) (near the beginning) early.
.
temprano:
(adj) (near the beginning) early.
.
tenda:
tent.
.
tener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
tiene}:
(to possess) to have; to hold; NO ~ (MAS) to be out of; ~ CALOR to be hot.
.
tension:
(n) tension, stress.
.
tenso:
(adj) tense.
.
tentar:
to try, to attempt.
.
tentasion:
temptation; DAR ~ A to tempt.
.
tentata:
(n) attempt, try.
.
teori'a:
theory.
.
teo'rico:
theoretical.
.
terminado:
(adj) ended, finished, done, over.
.
terminar:
to end, to terminate, to stop, to cease; ~ LA TELEFONATA to hang up, to end a telephone call.
.
terminata:
(n) end, finish.
.
te'rmino:
term.
.
Terra:
(planet) Earth.
.
terra:
dirt, earth, ground.
.
terremoto:
earthquake.
.
terreno:
(piece of ground) plot; patch; yard; ~ DE DORSO back yard; ~ DE FRENTE front yard.
.
territorio:
territory.
.
terror:
terror.
.
terrorismo:
terrorism.
.
terrorista:
terrorist.
.
teser:
to weave.
.
tesoreri'a:
treasury.
.
tesoro:
(n) treasure.
.
testamento:
(n) (document) will.
.
testi'culo:
testicle.
.
testil:
textile.
.
testimoniante:
(n) testifier, witness.
.
testimoniar:
(v) to testify, to bear witness.
.
testimonio:
testimony.
.
teta:
nipple.
.
teto:
(n) roof; ~ INTERIOR ceiling.
.
ti'a:
aunt.
.
ti'e:
uncle or aunt.
.
tiempo:
weather; EL ~ ES CA'LIDO the weather is hot; EL ~ ES FRIDO the weather is cold; EL ~ ES PLUVIOSO the weather is rainy; EL ~ ES VENTOSO the weather is windy; EL ~ FASE CALOR the weather is hot; EL ~ FASE FRIDO the weather is cold; EL ~ FASE PLUVIA the weather is rainy; EL ~ FASE VENTO the weather is windy.
.
tiene:
See:
tener.
.
tigre:
tiger.
.
timbre postal:
(n) postage stamp.
.
tina:
tub; vat.
.
tinta:
(n) pigment; coloring; ~ DE FASA (n) make-up; ~ DE MURO house paint; ~ DE PAREDE wall paint; ~ DE PLUMA ink.
.
ti'o:
uncle.
.
ti'pico:
typical.
.
tipo:
(n) kind, type, model; NENGUNO ~ DE no kind of.
.
tirar:
to pull; (on the ground or the floor) to drag; (a vehicle, etc.) to tow.
.
tirata:
(n) pull.
.
ti'tulo:
(n) title.
.
tjau:
goodbye.
.
toaia:
(n) towel.
.
tocar:
to touch.
.
tocata:
(n) touch.
.
to'csico:
poisonous, toxic.
.
tocsina:
(n) poison, toxin.
.
todavi'a:
(adv) (still) even now; even then; even so, nevertheless.
.
todo:
(singular) all; everything; ~ EL ... the entire ..., the whole ...; all of the ....
.
todos:
(plural) all; ~ LOS ... all of the ....
.
tomate:
tomato.
.
tomo:
(book) volume.
.
tono:
(n) tone, pitch.
.
tormenta:
(n) storm.
.
tornado:
tornado.
.
torre:
(n) tower.
.
torser (se):
to twist.
.
torsita:
(n) twist.
.
torta:
(n) pie.
.
tortruga:
turtle.
.
tortura:
(n) torture.
.
torturar:
to torture.
.
tose:
(n) cough.
.
toser:
to cough.
.
tostar:
(cooking) to toast.
.
total:
(n) total, count; ~ DE PUNTOS (n) score.
.
tradision:
tradition.
.
tradisional:
traditional.
.
traducsion:
translation.
.
traductor:
translator.
.
traduser:
to translate.
.
tra'fico:
(n) (vehicular) traffic.
.
traison:
betrayal; ~ NASIONAL treason.
.
traisonar:
(v) to betray.
.
trajedia:
tragedy.
.
tra'jico:
tragic.
.
transijensa:
(n) compromise.
.
transijer:
to compromise, to settle, to reach a middle position.
.
trasferensa:
transference.
.
trasferer (se):
to transfer.
.
trasparente:
transparent.
.
traspirar:
to sweat, to perspire.
.
traspirasion:
(n) sweat, perspiration.
.
trasplantar:
(v) to transplant.
.
trasplantasion:
(n) transplant.
.
trasportar:
to transport, to ship.
.
trasportasion:
transportation.
.
tratamento:
treatment.
.
tratar:
to treat, to deal with; to process.
.
trava:
(crosspiece) beam.
.
travaiar:
to work, to labor.
.
travaieto:
(n) task, chore.
.
travaio:
(n) work.
.
tregua:
truce.
.
tren:
(n) (railroad) train.
.
trenta:
thirty.
.
trente'simo:
(ordinal) thirtieth.
.
trentieme:
(fraction) thirtieth.
.
tres:
three.
.
trese'simo:
(ordinal) third.
.
tresieme:
(fraction) third.
.
tria'ngulo:
triangle.
.
tribu:
tribe.
.
trisiclo:
tricycle.
.
triste:
(adj) sad.
.
triunfar:
to succeed.
.
triunfo:
(n) success.
.
trocar:
to exchange, to trade.
.
trocata:
(n) exchange, trade.
.
trompa:
(musical) horn.
.
tronar:
to thunder.
.
tronata:
(n) thunder.
.
troncar:
to cut off.
.
tropical:
tropical.
.
tro'picos:
tropics.
.
trovar:
to find {something or someone that one is looking for}.
.
truta:
trout.
.
tu:
(singular subject pronoun) you.
.
tualeta:
(bodily cleansing and preparation) toilet.
.
tuberculosi:
tuberculosis.
.
tubo:
tube; pipe.
.
tu'nel:
(n) tunnel; FASER UN ~ to tunnel, to build a tunnel.
.
tuo {stressed on the u}:
(singular) your; of yours; EL ~ yours.
.
tuorca:
(mechanics) nut.
.
tuos {stressed on the u}:
(plural) your; of yours; LOS ~ yours.
.
Turci'a:
(country) Turkey.
.
turismo:
tourism.
.
turista:
tourist.
.
turno:
(n) (someone's turn) turn; (someone's turn to work) shift.
.

U

u:
u.
.
Ucraina:
Ukraine.
.
ue:
(letter) w.
.
u'lsera:
(n) ulcer.
.
u'ltimamente:
(adv) lastly, last.
.
u'ltimo:
(adj) last; latest; EL ~ ANIO last year.
.
umano:
human.
.
u'mido:
(adj) wet; FASER ~ to wet.
.
un {or una}:
(article) a, an.
.
uner (se):
to unite.
.
une'simo:
(ordinal) first.
.
ungia:
fingernail, nail; claw.
.
Ungri'a:
Hungary.
.
u'nico:
(adj) only.
.
unida':
(n) unit.
.
uniforme:
uniform.
.
union:
(together) union.
.
universida':
university; college.
.
universo:
universe.
.
uno:
(number or pronoun) one; UNA a, an; EL ~ EL OTRO each other; LOS UNOS LOS OTROS each other.
.
unos (or unas):
(plural) some.
.
uracan:
(tropical storm) hurricane.
.
Urano:
Uranus.
.
urina:
urine.
.
urinar:
to urinate.
.
urjensa:
emergency.
.
urjente:
urgent.
.
usante:
user.
.
usar:
to use.
.
uso:
(n) use.
.
usual:
usual.
.
usualmente:
usually.
.
u'tero:
uterus; womb.
.
u'til:
useful.
.
uva:
grape; ~ SECA raisin.
.

V

va:
(movement) go, goes {See:
andar}; (a future tense) is going to, are going to, am going to.
.
vacansa:
(trip) vacation.
.
vacsina:
vaccine.
.
vacsinar:
(v) to vaccinate.
.
vacsinasion:
vaccination.
.
vacuida':
(n) (emptiness) vacuum.
.
vacuo:
(adj) empty; hollow.
.
vagar:
to wander.
.
vagon:
train car.
.
vajina:
vagina.
.
vale:
valley.
.
valer:
(v) to be worth; ~ EL ESFORSO to be worth the trouble.
.
va'lido:
valid.
.
valor:
(n) value; worth; DE POCO ~ of little value, cheap.
.
va'lvula:
valve.
.
vanida':
(being vain) vanity.
.
vanilia:
vanilla.
.
vano:
vain.
.
vapor:
steam; vapor.
.
varieda':
(difference) variety.
.
varios:
(diverse) various.
.
vasto:
(adj) huge, vast, wide.
.
ve:
v; {See:
ver}.
.
vei'culo:
vehicle; ~ TIRADO trailer.
.
vejiga:
bladder.
.
vela:
(n) sail.
.
vena:
vein.
.
vendedero:
(n) shop, store.
.
vendedor:
salesperson.
.
vender:
to sell.
.
vendita:
(n) (action of selling) sale.
.
vener {irregular present and imperative tenses:
viene}:
to come.
.
venerdi'a:
Friday.
.
Venesuela:
Venezuela.
.
vengansa:
revenge, vengeance.
.
vengar se (de):
to take revenge (on).
.
venser:
to conquer, to defeat, to win against, to beat.
.
vente'simo:
(ordinal) twentieth.
.
venti:
twenty.
.
ventieme:
(fraction) twentieth.
.
ventiladora:
(n) (device for moving air) fan.
.
ventilar:
to fan.
.
vento:
(n) (moving air) wind.
.
ventoso:
windy.
.
ventre:
abdomen, stomach, belly.
.
Venus:
Venus.
.
ver:
to see.
.
veramente:
really, truly.
.
verbo:
verb.
.
verde:
green.
.
vergonia:
(n) shame.
.
vergoniar se:
to be ashamed.
.
vergonioso:
(adj) ashamed.
.
verida':
truth.
.
verme:
(n) worm.
.
vero:
(adj) true, real.
.
version:
version.
.
vertical:
vertical.
.
ves:
(n) (occasion) time; ALGUNA ~ (at any time) ever; OTRA ~ (repeating something) again; A VESES sometimes; DE {x} VESES {x}-fold.
.
vester (se):
to dress; ~ CON (clothes) to put on.
.
vestido:
(n) (woman's) dress.
.
vestimento:
garment, clothing; ~ INTERIOR underwear.
.
veto:
(n) veto; PONER EL ~ A to veto.
.
vi'a:
(n) route, way; path.
.
viajar:
to travel, to journey.
.
viaje:
(n) trip, journey, travel; ~ DE ANDATA I RETORNO round trip; ~ DE UNA DIRECSION one-way trip.
.
vi'ctima:
victim.
.
victoria:
victory.
.
vida:
life.
.
vidro:
glass; ~ REFLECSIVO mirror.
.
vieio:
old.
.
viene:
See:
vener.
.
Vietnam:
Vietnam.
.
vijilante:
(adj) alert, vigilant.
.
vijilia:
(day before) eve.
.
vinagre:
vinegar.
.
vino:
wine.
.
violar:
to violate.
.
violasion:
violation.
.
violensa:
(violence) battery.
.
violentida':
violence.
.
violento:
violent.
.
violeta:
(n) violet; DE COLOR DE ~ (adj) violet.
.
violino:
violin.
.
virar:
(to change direction) to turn; ~ EN EL A'NGULO to turn the corner.
.
virata:
(n) (change of direction) turn.
.
vi'rgula de sitasion:
quotation mark.
.
vi'rjen:
virgen.
.
virtu':
virtue.
.
virtuoso:
virtuous.
.
virus:
virus.
.
visa:
visa.
.
visible:
visible.
.
visino:
(n) neighbor.
.
visio:
(n) vice, depravity.
.
visioso:
vicious, depraved.
.
visita:
(n) visit.
.
visitante:
visitor.
.
visitar:
to visit.
.
vista:
(n) view, sight.
.
vitamina:
vitamin.
.
vitrina:
window.
.
viuva:
widow.
.
viuvo:
widower.
.
Viva ...!:
Long live ...!
.
vivente:
(adj) alive.
.
viver:
to be alive, to live.
.
vivo:
(adj) alive, live.
.
vocablario:
vocabulary.
.
vocablo:
(n) word.
.
vocal:
vowel.
.
volar:
to fly.
.
volcano:
volcano.
.
volpe:
fox.
.
volume:
volume.
.
volunta':
(n) will, wish.
.
voluntariamente:
willingly.
.
voluntario:
(n) volunteer; (adj) willing; SER UN ~ to be a volunteer; OFRESER SE COMO UN ~ to volunteer.
.
vomitar:
to vomit.
.
vo'mito:
(n) vomit.
.
vos:
(plural) you; (respectful singular) you.
.
vos todos:
(plural) you, you all, you guys, yous.
.
vose:
(n) voice.
.
vostro:
(singular possessive of plural or respectful singular) your; of yours; EL ~ yours.
.
vostros:
(plural possessive of plural or respectful singular) your; of yours; LOS ~ yours.
.
votar:
to vote.
.
voto:
(n) vote; ballot.
.

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